Laura Pezzolesi

Learn More
Massive blooms of the benthic dinoflagellate Ostreopsis ovata Fukuyo have recently occurred along the whole Italian coastlines, both Tyrrhenian and Adriatic, resulting sometimes in benthonic biocenosis sufferings and, occasionally, in human health problems. In this work, two strains of O. ovata collected in 2006 along the Adriatic and Tyrrhenian coastlines(More)
In the Mediterranean Sea, blooms of Ostreopsis cf. ovata and Ostreopsis siamensis have become increasingly frequent in the last decade and O. cf. ovata was found to produce palytoxin-like compounds (putative palytoxin, ovatoxin-a, -b, -c, -d and -e), a class of highly potent toxins. The environmental conditions seem to play a key role in influencing the(More)
Since 2005, the benthic dinoflagellate Ostreopsis cf. ovata has bloomed across the Mediterranean basin, provoking serious toxic outbreaks. LC/MS studies have identified a number of palytoxin-like compounds, termed ovatoxins, along with trace amounts of putative palytoxin as the causative agents of the O. cf. ovata -related human sufferings. So far, any risk(More)
Alexandrium ostenfeldii is a widespread toxic dinoflagellate that has recently bloomed across the Adriatic Sea, seriously threatening both shellfish consumers and aquacultures. In 2007 we reported on preliminary studies carried out on field samples and cultures of A. ostenfeldii. At the time, along with three major spirolides - among which(More)
This article describes the toxic effects of imidazolium ionic liquids bearing alkyl (BMIM), monoethoxy (MOEMIM), and diethoxy (M(OE)(2)MIM) side chains toward two marine diatoms, Skeletonema marinoi and Phaeodactylum tricornutum. MOEMIM and M(OE)(2)MIM cations showed a lower inhibition of growth and photosynthetic efficiency with respect to their alkyl(More)
The Northern Adriatic Sea is the area of the Mediterranean Sea where eutrophication and episodes related to harmful algae have occurred most frequently since the 1970s. In this area, which is highly exploited for mollusk farming, the first occurrence of human intoxication due to shellfish consumption occurred in 1989, nearly 10 years later than other(More)
Since the end of the 1990s the occurrence of blooms of the benthic dinoflagellates Ostreopsis spp. is spreading in many tropical and temperate regions worldwide, sometimes causing benthonic biocenosis suffering and occasional human distress. Ostreopsis ovata has been found to produce palytoxin-like compounds, a class of highly potent toxins. As general, the(More)
Toxin production in marine microalgae was previously shown to be tightly coupled with cellular stoichiometry. The highest values of cellular toxin are in fact mainly associated with a high carbon to nutrient cellular ratio. In particular, the cellular accumulation of C-rich toxins (i.e., with C:N > 6.6) can be stimulated by both N and P deficiency.(More)
The study evaluated the growth of Desmodesmus communis on column photobioreactor and its thermochemical treatment by catalytic pyrolysis using HZSM-5 zeolite. D. communis showed good results in terms of growth (0.05gL-1d-1). Analytical pyrolysis of original algae and derived bio-oil mixed with zeolite was used as a screening method in order to gather(More)
The production of polyunsaturated aldehydes (PUAs) has been reported by many planktonic diatoms, where they have been implicated in deleterious effects on copepod reproduction and growth of closeby microbes or suggested as infochemicals in shaping plankton interactions. This study investigates the production of PUAs by diatoms commonly occurring in the(More)