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The covalent modification of nucleosomal histones has emerged as a major determinant of chromatin structure and gene activity. To understand the interplay between various histone modifications, including acetylation and methylation, we performed a genome-wide chromatin structure analysis in a higher eukaryote. We found a binary pattern of histone(More)
In female mammalian cells, dosage compensation for X-linked genes is achieved by the transcriptional silencing, early in development, of many genes on just one of the two X chromosomes. Several properties distinguish the inactive X (Xi) from its active counterpart (Xa). These include expression of Xist, a gene located in the X-inactivation center (Xic),(More)
Dosage compensation in mammals involves silencing of one X chromosome in XX females and requires expression, in cis, of Xist RNA. The X to be inactivated is randomly chosen in cells of the inner cell mass (ICM) at the blastocyst stage of development. Embryonic stem (ES) cells derived from the ICM of female mice have two active X chromosomes, one of which is(More)
The pattern of histone H4 acetylation in different genomic regions has been investigated by immunoprecipitating oligonucleosomes from a human lymphoblastoid cell line with antibodies to H4 acetylated at lysines 5, 8, 12 or 16. DNA from antibody-bound or unbound chromatin was assayed by slot blotting. Pol I and pol II transcribed genes located in euchromatin(More)
The packaging of DNA into chromatin is an important regulator of transcription. This regulation may operate either by short-term switching of the transcription of specific genes or by packaging chromosome domains into structures that either facilitate or repress the potential for gene expression. Such packaging may occur during chromatin assembly through(More)
The relationship between DNA methylation and histone acetylation at the imprinted mouse genes U2af1-rs1 and Snrpn is explored by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and resolution of parental alleles using single-strand conformational polymorphisms. The U2af1-rs1 gene lies within a differentially methylated region (DMR), while Snrpn has a 5' DMR (DMR1)(More)
Proliferation of the non-malignant breast epithelial cell line, MCF-12A, is sensitively and completely inhibited by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)) (ED90 = 70 nM), We used real time RT-PCR to demonstrate that the relative resistance to 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) of MDA-MB-231 cells (ED50 > 100 nM) correlated with significantly reduced(More)
We have investigated the role of histone acetylation in X chromosome inactivation, focusing on its possible involvement in the regulation of Xist, an essential gene expressed only from the inactive X (Xi). We have identified a region of H4 hyperacetylation extending up to 120 kb upstream from the Xist somatic promoter P1. This domain includes the promoter(More)
We hypothesized that key antiproliferative target genes for the vitamin D receptor (VDR) were repressed by an epigenetic mechanism in prostate cancer cells resulting in apparent hormonal insensitivity. To explore this possibility, we examined nuclear receptor corepressor expression in a panel of nonmalignant and malignant cell lines and primary cultures,(More)