Laura Narciso

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The differentiation of skeletal myoblasts is characterized by permanent withdrawal from the cell cycle and fusion into multinucleated myotubes. Muscle cell survival is critically dependent on the ability of cells to respond to oxidative stress. Base excision repair (BER) is the main repair mechanism of oxidative DNA damage. In this study, we compared the(More)
Cockayne syndrome (CS) is a rare hereditary multisystem disease characterized by neurological and development impairment, and premature aging. Cockayne syndrome cells are hypersensitive to oxidative stress, but the molecular mechanisms involved remain unresolved. Here we provide the first evidence that primary fibroblasts derived from patients with CS-A and(More)
Prostate function is critical for male fertility; nevertheless, prostate was so far overlooked in reproductive toxicity assays. Within the EU project ReProTect, the human prostate cell line LNCaP was utilized to identify molecules targeting prostate function by the integrated assessment of cell viability (MTS assay) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA)(More)
Temperature is one of the most important variables influencing organisms, especially in the intertidal zone. This work aimed to test physiological and molecular intraspecific differences in thermal tolerance of the crab Pachygrapsus marmoratus (Fabricius, 1787). The comparisons made focused on sex, size, and habitat (estuary and coast) differences. The(More)
Loss of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) kinase, a key factor of the DNA damage response (DDR) pathway, causes the cancer predisposing and neurodegenerative syndrome ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T). To investigate the mechanisms of neurodegeneration, we have reprogrammed fibroblasts from ATM-null A-T patients and normal controls to pluripotency(More)
Base excision repair (BER) is the main pathway for repair of DNA damage in mammalian cells. This pathway leads to the formation of DNA repair intermediates which, if still unsolved, cause cell lethality and mutagenesis. To characterize mutations induced by BER intermediates in mammalian cells, an SV-40 derived shuttle vector was constructed carrying a(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest an association between oxidative DNA-damage repair capacity and cancer risk. In particular, a DNA-glycosylase assay for removal of 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) has been successfully applied to identify populations with increased risk for lung cancer and squamous cell carcinomas of head(More)
DNA single-strand breaks (SSB) formation coordinates the myogenic program, and defects in SSB repair in post-mitotic cells have been associated with human diseases. However, the DNA damage response by SSB in terminally differentiated cells has not been explored yet. Here we show that mouse post-mitotic muscle cells accumulate SSB after alkylation damage,(More)
There is a growing body of evidence indicating that the mechanisms that control genome stability are of key importance in the development and function of the nervous system. The major threat for neurons is oxidative DNA damage, which is repaired by the base excision repair (BER) pathway. Functional mutations of enzymes that are involved in the processing of(More)
3-Hydroxy 3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoAR) is the key and rate-limiting enzyme of cholesterol biosynthetic pathway. Although HMG-CoAR activity has already been related to the differentiation of some cellular lines there are no studies that analyze the role of HMG-CoAR, and the pathway it is involved with in a fully characterized muscle(More)