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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This prospective, multicenter study was performed to determine the frequency of symptomatic complications up to 30 months after stroke using prespecified definitions of complications. METHODS We recruited 311 consecutive stroke patients admitted to hospital. Research nurses reviewed their progress on a weekly basis until hospital(More)
We tested the hypothesis that hypertension is more common and cardiac embolism less common in patients with lacunar infarction than in patients with other types of cerebral infarction. We studied risk factor profiles in a series of 102 consecutive patients with a lacunar infarct and 202 consecutive patients with a carotid artery-distribution infarct(More)
The frequency of known causative factors of cerebral infarction was studied in 244 cases of first ever stroke due to cerebral infarction proved by computed tomography or at necropsy who were registered in the first two years of a prospective community based study. Risk factors for cerebral infarction were present in 196 (80%) cases; hypertension in 126(More)
A total of 323 cases of first-ever stroke were registered in the first 2 years of the Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project. Of these patients, 244 (76%) had a stroke due to cerebral infarction. There was a past history of migraine headaches in 56 (17%) of the 323 cases of stroke and in 44 (18%) of the 244 cases of cerebral infarction. A past history of(More)
The benefits of long term anticoagulant treatment of patients with non-rheumatic atrial fibrillation and cerebral infarction were studied by comparing two series of patients with stroke from centres with different policies on anticoagulant treatment. The long term prognosis of 50 patients from the Oxfordshire community stroke project, who did not receive(More)
Neutron area survey instruments are designed to have an approximately isotropic response. In practice, the response cannot be perfectly isotropic for instruments that do not have spherical symmetry, and for all instruments it is modified by the inclusion of batteries, electronics, handles, etc. This affects the ability of the survey instrument to measure(More)
Improvements have been made to the Monte Carlo modelling used to calculate the response of the neutron survey instruments most commonly used in the UK, for neutron energies up to 20 MeV. The improved modelling of the devices includes the electronics and battery pack, allowing better calculations of both the energy and angle dependence of response. These(More)
One of the most common radionuclide neutron sources used for the calibration of detectors is (252)Cf. However, these sources also contain (250)Cf, which is present in the material from which the sources are made, and (248)Cm, which is formed as the daughter of (252)Cf via alpha-decay. Both decay by spontaneous fission with longer half-lives than (252)Cf.(More)
Three moderator-type neutron survey instruments have been modelled for energy and angle dependence of the response, in greater detail than before. These response data have been verified by comparison with published experimental measurements and measurements made specifically for this project. Influences on the instrument response have also been(More)
High-resolution neutron energy spectra, covering the entire energy range of interest, for two standard radionuclide neutron sources ((241)Am-B and (241)Am-F) have been derived from Bonner sphere measurements by using high-resolution a priori data in the unfolding process. In each case, two a priori spectra were used, one from a two-stage calculation and(More)