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Nutrition in early life, growth, and subsequent health over a lifetime are significantly interrelated. The aim of this study was to assess body composition changes in exclusively breast-fed infants from birth up to 6 mo of age. An observational, prospective, cohort study was conducted. Fifty-nine full-term, healthy, exclusively breast-fed infants underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet reactivity is increased by exercise in patients with obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) but not in patients with syndrome X. In this study, we prospectively investigated whether the platelet response to exercise might help distinguish, among patients with angina, those with obstructive CAD from those with normal coronary arteries(More)
BACKGROUND Many preterm infants are significantly growth restricted at hospital discharge and are at increased risk for long-term growth failure. AIMS To compare growth and weight gain composition after term between preterm infants who were growth retarded and those who were not. STUDY DESIGN An observational longitudinal study was conducted. SUBJECTS(More)
Many adult diseases seem to be associated with early nutrition and the subsequent growth pattern. Epidemiological studies hypotized that babies with intrauterine and/or neonatal growth retardation may be at greater risk of metabolic syndrome later in life. According to the Barker's "thrifty phenotype hypotesis" early malnutrition, whereas inducing(More)
BACKGROUND Prevention of postnatal growth restriction of very preterm infants still represents a challenge for neonatologists. As standard feeding regimens have proven to be inadequate. Improved feeding strategies are needed to promote growth. Aim of the present study was to evaluate whether a set of nutritional strategies could limit the postnatal growth(More)
BACKGROUND The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that preterm infants' growth duplicates fetal growth rates and that body composition replicates in utero body composition. AIMS To compare the total body fat mass between preterm infants assessed at term corrected age and full-term newborns, and to investigate the effects of gestational age,(More)
BACKGROUND Preterm small for gestational age (SGA) infants may be at risk for increased adiposity, especially when experiencing rapid postnatal weight gain. Data on the dynamic features of body weight and fat mass (FM) gain that occurs early in life is scarce. We investigated the postnatal weight and FM gain during the first five months after term in a(More)
OBJECTIVES Early amino acid administration has been recommended in preterm neonates to avoid protein catabolism. In the present work, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was used to evaluate the quantity of protein intake in preterm infants. The aim of the study was to investigate the relation between protein intake and BUN during the entire duration of parenteral(More)
The administration of vaccines is not usually recommended in pregnant women because of a fear of severe adverse events for the fetus. However, contraindication to vaccination applies only to vaccines based on live attenuated viruses for the theoretical possibility that they might infect the fetus. In contrast, the use of several inactivated vaccines is(More)
BACKGROUND The development of neurological complications due to varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation is relatively uncommon, particularly in the case of immunocompetent patients. Only a few cases have been described in the literature, most of which involved adult or elderly patients. CLINICAL PRESENTATION Two days after his pediatrician had diagnosed(More)