Laura Moreno

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The endothelium lines the luminal surface of every blood vessel, allowing it contact with circulating blood elements, as well as the underlying vascular smooth muscle layer. In healthy vessels, the endothelium expresses constitutive forms of nitric oxide synthase (NOSIII) and cyclo-oxygenase (COX-1), which produce the vasoactive hormones NO and(More)
Multiple lines of evidence indicate that serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) and voltage-gated K+ (KV) channels play a central role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension (PH). We hypothesized that 5-HT might modulate the activity of KV channels, therefore establishing a link between these pathogenetic factors in PH. Here, we studied the effects(More)
Voltage-gated K+ channels (KV) and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) play critical roles in controlling pulmonary arterial tone under physiological and pathological conditions. We hypothesized that TXA2 might inhibit KV channels, thereby establishing a link between these two major pathogenic pathways in pulmonary hypertension. The TXA2 analogue U46619 inhibited IK(V)(More)
The benzimidazole compounds albendazole (ABZ) and triclabendazole (TCBZ) are both effective against Fasciola hepatica, although ABZ is only effective against adult flukes. Additionally, ABZ is a broad-spectrum nematodicidal compound with well-known ovicidal activity. However, no data on the ovicidal effect of TCBZ against F. hepatica eggs are available. The(More)
Treatment of human disease with human embryonic stem cell (hESC)-derived cells is now close to reality, but little is known of their responses to physiological and pathological insult. The ability of cells to respond via activation of Toll like receptors (TLR) is critical in innate immune sensing in most tissues, but also extends to more general danger(More)
Resistance to benzimidazole anthelmintics in the nematode Haemonchus contortus has been correlated with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on the β-tubulin isotype 1 gene. Three mutations can be used as markers for the detection of resistance, namely SNPs at position 200 and 167 (both TTC to TAC) or at position 198 (GAA to GCA). Harbouring a resistance(More)
AIMS The mechanisms involved in hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) are not yet fully defined. The aim of the study was to determine the role of protein kinase C zeta (PKCzeta) and neutral sphingomyelinase (nSMase) in HPV. METHODS AND RESULTS Ceramide content was measured by immunocytochemistry and voltage-gated potassium channel (KV) currents were(More)
INTRODUCTION In 2006 the anti-CD28 superagonistic IgG4 TGN1412, having passed pre-clinical safety screens, caused a severe 'cytokine storm' in 6 healthy volunteers. Others have shown that for TGN1412 to induce an inflammatory signal in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) or in human diluted blood, endothelial cells or bound monoclonal antibody(More)
Flubendazole (FLBZ) is a broad spectrum benzimidazole methylcarbamate anthelmintic widely used in poultry and swine. However, there is no information available on the pharmacological behaviour of FLBZ in ruminants. The work reported here was addressed to evaluate the potential of FLBZ for use in sheep. The integrated assessment included evaluation of FLBZ(More)
The pathogenesis of acute lung injury includes transendothelial diapedesis of leukocytes into lung tissues and disruption of endothelial/epithelial barriers leading to protein-rich oedema. In vitro studies show that the microtubule network plays a role in the regulation of endothelial permeability as well as in neutrophil locomotion. It was hypothesised(More)