Laura McKinley

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Steroid-resistant asthma comprises an important source of morbidity in patient populations. T(H)17 cells represent a distinct population of CD4(+) Th cells that mediate neutrophilic inflammation and are characterized by the production of IL-17, IL-22, and IL-6. To investigate the function of T(H)17 cells in the context of Ag-induced airway inflammation, we(More)
CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ regulatory T cells are decreased in patients infected with HIV and have been shown to be critical in mediating Ag tolerance in the lung. Because a subset of Pneumocystis-infected individuals develop substantial lung injury, which can be modeled in immune reconstituted scid mice, we used mouse models of Pneumocystis carinii to investigate the(More)
Pneumocystis carinii (PC) pneumonia is a leading opportunistic infection found among HIV-infected individuals worldwide. Although CD4(+) T cell deficiency clearly correlates with susceptibility to PC pneumonia, murine models of disease indicate that PC-directed Abs may prevent infection and/or inhibit growth of existing PC within the lungs. Recognition of(More)
Th17 cells, a subset of T cells involved in autoimmunity and host defense against extracellular Gram-negative infection, express both IL-17A and IL-17F. Both IL-17A and IL-17F can signal via the IL-17RA; however, IL-17F does so at a 1- to 2-log higher concentration than IL-17A. In this study, we show that the IL-17F homodimer via IL-17RA is a negative(More)
Little is known about the role of the cytokine interleukin-12 (IL-12) in Pneumocystis pneumonia or its potential use as immunotherapy. We asked whether release of IL-12 is part of the normal host response to this infection and whether local treatment with IL-12 or gene transfer of IL-12 could accelerate clearance of infection. IL-12 was assayed by(More)
We have previously shown that Tc1 CD8(+) T cells have in vitro and in vivo effector activity against Pneumocystis (PC) infection in mice. Because these cells have preferential expression of CXCR3, we investigated whether CXCR3 was required for host defense activity against PC. Mice deficient in CXCR3 but CD4(+) T cell intact, showed an initial delay but(More)
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