Learn More
Beta-amyloid (Abeta) plaques have been shown to induce inflammatory changes in Alzheimer's disease brains. Cortical, but not cerebellar tissue from 16-month-old Tg2576 (Tg+) mice showed significant increases in interleukin (IL)-1alpha (2.2-fold), IL-1beta (3.4-fold), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (3.9-fold), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (2.5-fold)(More)
We report that SHIP(-/-) mice, compared to SHIP(+/+) mice, are Th2 skewed with elevated serum IgE and twice as many splenic CD4(+) Th2 cells that, when stimulated with anti-CD3, produce more IL-4 and less IFN-γ. Exploring the reason for this Th2 skewing, we found that freshly isolated SHIP(-/-) splenic and bone marrow basophils are present in elevated(More)
1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (D(3)) promotes the maturation of myeloid cells and surface expressions of CD14 and CD11b, markers of cell differentiation in response to D(3). To examine how these responses are regulated, THP-1 cells were grown in serum-free medium and incubated with D(3). This was associated with rapid and transient increases in(More)
Leukocyte rolling and emigration in response to inflammatory stimuli appears to involve both E-selectin- and P-selectin-dependent adhesion, which suggests that these molecules have overlapping functions. To clarify their relative contributions in chronic inflammation, we examined delayed-type contact hypersensitivity (DTH) responses in P-selectin,(More)
Maintaining an appropriate balance between subsets of CD4(+) Th and T regulatory cells (Tregs) is critical to maintain immune homeostasis and prevent autoimmunity. Through a common requirement for TGF-beta, the development of peripherally induced Tregs is intimately linked to that of Th17 cells, with the resulting lineages depending on the presence of(More)
P-selectin plays an important role in leukocyte adherence to microvascular endothelium and is expressed in synovial tissue from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the contribution of P-selectin to the initiation and chronicity of joint inflammation is not well understood. In these studies, collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) was induced in(More)
We describe an animal model to induce the histogenesis of squamous metaplasia of the cervical columnar epithelium, a condition usually preceding cervical neoplasia. This model is based on dietary retinoid depletion in female mice. Control sibling mice fed the same diet but with all-trans-retinoic acid (at 3 micrograms/g diet) showed the normal endocervical(More)
We show in this study that the ability of five different monomeric IgEs to enhance murine bone marrow-derived mast cell (BMMC) survival correlates with their ability to stimulate extracellular calcium (Ca(2+)) entry. However, whereas IgE+Ag more potently stimulates Ca(2+) entry, it does not enhance survival under our conditions. Exploring this further, we(More)
With regard to the two recent letters (1, 2) proposing a name change from myeloid suppressor cells (MSC) to myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC), although we appreciate the attempt to bring clarity to the cells responsible for immunosuppression, we do not think this alleviates the problem. In describing hematopoiesis, the terms myeloid and lymphoid(More)
BACKGROUND Toll-like receptors (TLR) of the innate immune system have been closely linked with the development of atherosclerotic lesions. TLR9 is activated by unmethylated CpG motifs within ssDNA, but also by CpG motifs in nucleic acids released during vascular apoptosis and necrosis. The role of TLR9 in vascular disease remains controversial and we sought(More)