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BACKGROUND Prior unblinded studies have suggested that catheter-based renal-artery denervation reduces blood pressure in patients with resistant hypertension. METHODS We designed a prospective, single-blind, randomized, sham-controlled trial. Patients with severe resistant hypertension were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to undergo renal denervation or(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of noninvasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) derived from standard acquired coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) datasets (FFR(CT)) for the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia in patients with suspected stable coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND FFR measured during(More)
CONTEXT Coronary computed tomographic (CT) angiography is a noninvasive anatomic test for diagnosis of coronary stenosis that does not determine whether a stenosis causes ischemia. In contrast, fractional flow reserve (FFR) is a physiologic measure of coronary stenosis expressing the amount of coronary flow still attainable despite the presence of a(More)
R eceiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was originally developed during World War II to analyze classification accuracy in differentiating signal from noise in radar detection. 1 Recently, the methodology has been adapted to several clinical areas heavily dependent on screening and diagnostic tests, 2– 4 in particular, laboratory testing, 5(More)
Cell membrane components are organized as specialized domains involved in membrane-associated events such as cell signaling, cell adhesion, and protein sorting. These membrane domains are enriched in sphingolipids and cholesterol but display a low protein content. Theoretical considerations and experimental data suggest that some properties of gangliosides(More)
OBJECTIVES The ENDEAVOR IV (Randomized Comparison of Zotarolimus-Eluting and Paclitaxel-Eluting Stents in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease) trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of the zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES) compared with the paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES). BACKGROUND First-generation drug-eluting stents have reduced angiographic and(More)
BACKGROUND Although most clinical trials of coronary stents have measured nominally identical safety and effectiveness end points, differences in definitions and timing of assessment have created confusion in interpretation. METHODS AND RESULTS The Academic Research Consortium is an informal collaboration between academic research organizations in the(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of patent foramen ovale among patients with cryptogenic stroke is higher than that in the general population. Closure with a percutaneous device is often recommended in such patients, but it is not known whether this intervention reduces the risk of recurrent stroke. METHODS We conducted a multicenter, randomized, open-label(More)
INTRODUCTION Coronary CT angiography (CTA) is an established noninvasive method for visualization of coronary artery disease. However, coronary CTA lacks physiological information; thus, it does not permit differentiation of ischemia-causing lesions. Recent advances in computational fluid dynamic techniques applied to standard coronary CTA images allow for(More)