Laura Masuelli

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Carcinogenesis is a multistep process triggered by genetic alterations that activate different signal transduction pathways and cause the progressive transformation of a normal cell into a cancer cell. Polyphenols, compounds ubiquitously expressed in plants, have anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiviral, anticancer, and immunomodulatory properties, all(More)
The repertoire of autoantibodies found in cancer patients partly overlaps with that typical of patients with autoimmune diseases. Beside the biochemical and immunological properties of the target antigens and their altered expression in tumor tissues, the intratumoral inflammatory context can play a key role in the induction of autoimmune disease-associated(More)
Breast cancer is a leading cancer in women and despite the benefits of the current therapies a significant number of patients with this tumor is at risk of relapse. Some of the alterations taking place in breast cancer cells are currently exploited by molecularly targeted drugs. Different drugs have been developed which target a single molecule but, given(More)
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a cancer with a high mortality rate and limited therapeutic options, typically presenting as a tumor in the serous membranes, most frequently in the pleura and the peritoneum rather than in the pericardium. There is much evidence that the immune system contributes to the biogenesis, growth and metastasis of MM through the(More)
Many epidemiologic, observational and randomized human clinical trials have demonstrated beyond doubt the protective cardiovascular effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Cardiac myocytes protection by omega-3 PUFAs involves several mechanisms which might have a synergistic effect. This review provides a summary of the in vitro and in vivo(More)
Apoptosis of neurons and astrocytes has been found in patients undergoing AIDS dementia complex. We demonstrated that supernatants from human primary macrophages (M/M) infected by HIV-1 lead human astroglial cells to oxidative stress, as shown by elevated levels of malondialdehyde, and then to apoptosis. Electron microscopy of astrocytes shortly incubated(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether cardiomyocyte membrane structure and cell/extracellular matrix adhesion alterations perturb the cadherin/catenin complex in the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). METHODS Hypertrophic cardiomyopathic hamster (UM-X7.1 strain) and human hearts were studied by light and electron microscopy, Northern and Western blot analyses and(More)
Hedgehog signaling is suggested to be a major oncogenic pathway in medulloblastoma, which arises from aberrant development of cerebellar granule progenitors. Allelic loss of chromosome 17p has also been described as the most frequent genetic defect in this human neoplasia. This observation raises the question of a possible interplay between 17p deletion and(More)
Thiazolidinediones, specific peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) ligands, used in type-2 diabetes therapy, show favourable effects in several cancer cells. In this study we demonstrate that the growth of H295R and SW13 adrenocortical cancer cells is inhibited by rosiglitazone, a thiazolidinediones member, even though the mechanisms(More)
Employing NIH3T3 transfectants with individual human ErbB receptor coding sequences as recombinant antigen sources, we detected by immunoblot analysis specific immunoreactivity against all four ErbB receptors among 13 of 41 sera obtained from patients with different types of epithelial malignancies. Overall, serum positivity was most frequently directed(More)