Learn More
Bone mass and bone turnover are under genetic control. Restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) at the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene locus have been recently correlated to bone mineral density (BMD) and rate of bone loss. However, agreement on this relationship is not universal. The existence of ethnical and environmental differences between(More)
Osteoporosis is a common skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture. In the past years, twin and family study have shown that this disease recognizes a strong genetic component and that genetic factors play an important role(More)
Bone mineral density (BMD), the major determinant of osteoporotic fracture risk, has a strong genetic component. The discovery that inactivation of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) gene is associated with low BMD indicated ERalpha as a candidate gene for osteoporosis. We have investigated the role of three ERalpha gene polymorphisms [intron 1 PVU:II and(More)
A novel T/C polymorphism (ATG to ACG) at the translation initiation site of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene, defined by FokI restriction endonuclease, has been recently associated with variation in bone mineral density (BMD) and rates of bone loss in a group of postmenopausal Mexican-American women. The presence of the restriction site, designated as f,(More)
UNLABELLED PDB is genetically heterogeneous. Mutations of the sequestosome1 gene have been reported in sporadic and familial forms of Paget's in patients of French Canadian and British descent. Mutational analyses in different ethnic groups are needed to accurately investigate hereditary diseases. We describe two novel mutations of sequestosome1 in 62(More)
CONTEXT Both bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk have a strong genetic component. Estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) is a candidate gene for osteoporosis, but previous studies of ESR1 polymorphisms in this field were hampered by small sample size, lack of standardization, and inconclusive results. OBJECTIVE To generate large-scale evidence on whether(More)
CONTEXT Mutations in the low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) gene cause rare syndromes characterized by altered bone mineral density (BMD). More common LRP5 variants may affect osteoporosis risk in the general population. OBJECTIVE To generate large-scale evidence on whether 2 common variants of LRP5 (Val667Met, Ala1330Val) and 1(More)
Protective effects of ipriflavone, an isoflavone derivative, in osteoporosis are believed to be caused by the inhibitory action on bone resorption. A direct effect of ipriflavone on bone formation is as yet unknown. Ipriflavone and four of its metabolites (I, II, III, and V) were examined for their effects on parathyroid hormone response, collagen(More)
Families affected by Paget’s disease of bone frequently harbor mutations in the SQSTM1/p62 gene. In this multicentric study we collected 345 sporadic and 12 familial PDB cases throughout Italy, identifying 12 different mutations, 5 of which are newly reported and 3, D335E, A381V, and Y383X, external to the UBA domain. Subjects with truncating mutations,(More)
INTRODUCTION The TGFB1 gene which encodes transforming growth factor beta 1, is a strong candidate for susceptibility to osteoporosis and several studies have reported associations between bone mineral density (BMD), osteoporotic fractures and polymorphisms of TGFB1, although these studies have yielded conflicting results. METHODS We investigated(More)