Laura Maria de Figueiredo Ferreira Guilhoto

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The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Classification of the Epilepsies has been updated to reflect our gain in understanding of the epilepsies and their underlying mechanisms following the major scientific advances that have taken place since the last ratified classification in 1989. As a critical tool for the practicing clinician, epilepsy(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the cerebral metabolic differences between patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) and normal controls and to evaluate to what extent these metabolic alterations reflect involvement of an epileptic network. METHODS Sixty patients with JME were submitted to multi-voxel proton spectroscopy (1H-MRS) at 1.5 T over medial(More)
Studies involving juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) patients have demonstrated an elevated prevalence of cluster B personality disorders (PD) characterized as emotional instability, immaturity, unsteadiness, lack of discipline, and rapid mood changes. We aimed to verify a possible correlation between structural brain abnormalities in magnetic resonance(More)
PURPOSE Studies suggest that higher cognitive functions could precipitate seizures in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). The present study aimed to analyze the effects of higher mental activity on epileptiform discharges and seizures in patients with JME and compare them to those of habitual methods of activation. METHODS Seventy-six patients with JME (41(More)
UNLABELLED BECTS represents the vast majority of childhood focal epilepsy. Owing to the age peculiarity of children who suffer from this disease, i.e., school-going age of between 6 and 9 years, the condition is often referred to as a school disorder by parents and teachers. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the academic performance of(More)
We aim to investigate structural brain abnormalities in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) patients with photosensitivity (PS). Sixty JME patients, 19 (32%) of whom were photosensitive, were submitted to 1.5T magnetic resonance voxel-based morphometry (VBM). The control group (CTL) consisted of 30 sex-matched healthy volunteers. JME patients with (JME-PS)(More)
Occipital intermittent rhythmic delta activity (OIRDA) is considered good prognostic factor in typical absences (TA). We report electroclinical evolution in 14 patients with TA and OIRDA, which performed video-EEG. Seven patients were female; 9 had childhood absence epilepsy and the others did not present electroclinical characteristics for syndromic(More)
The aim of this study is to compare ILAE classification (1989) and Panayiotopoulos' criteria (1997) for absence epilepsies. We studied 455 typical absences (ILAE, 1981) by video-EEG in 43 patients with normal neurological and neuroradiological examinations and interictal EEG with spike-wave complexes higher than 2.5Hz. Syndromic diagnosis was possible in(More)
PURPOSE Personality traits characterized by emotional instability and immaturity, unsteadiness, lack of discipline, hedonism, frequent and rapid mood changes, and indifference toward one's disease have been associated with patients who have juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). Literature data demonstrate worse seizure control and more psychosocial(More)
PURPOSE Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a heterogeneous syndrome with seizures presenting typical fluctuation in diurnal cycle and relation with awakening. Few publications have approached clinical expressions of praxis induction (PI) in the nosology of JME as well as its impact on outcome. The aim of this study is to characterize PI as the only reflex(More)