Laura Maria de Figueiredo Ferreira Guilhoto

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The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) Classification of the Epilepsies has been updated to reflect our gain in understanding of the epilepsies and their underlying mechanisms following the major scientific advances that have taken place since the last ratified classification in 1989. As a critical tool for the practicing clinician, epilepsy(More)
PURPOSE Studies suggest that higher cognitive functions could precipitate seizures in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). The present study aimed to analyze the effects of higher mental activity on epileptiform discharges and seizures in patients with JME and compare them to those of habitual methods of activation. METHODS Seventy-six patients with JME (41(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the cerebral metabolic differences between patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) and normal controls and to evaluate to what extent these metabolic alterations reflect involvement of an epileptic network. METHODS Sixty patients with JME were submitted to multi-voxel proton spectroscopy (1H-MRS) at 1.5 T over medial(More)
We describe 17 children with nocturnal or early-morning seizures who were switched to a proportionally higher evening dose of antiepileptic drugs and were retrospectively reviewed for seizure outcome and side effects. Of 10 children with unknown etiology, clinical presentation was consistent with nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (NFLE) in 5 and benign(More)
PURPOSE Personality traits characterized by emotional instability and immaturity, unsteadiness, lack of discipline, hedonism, frequent and rapid mood changes, and indifference toward one's disease have been associated with patients who have juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). Literature data demonstrate worse seizure control and more psychosocial(More)
Studies involving juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) patients have demonstrated an elevated prevalence of cluster B personality disorders (PD) characterized as emotional instability, immaturity, unsteadiness, lack of discipline, and rapid mood changes. We aimed to verify a possible correlation between structural brain abnormalities in magnetic resonance(More)
We report our pediatric experience with lacosamide, a new antiepileptic drug, approved by the US Food and Drug Administration as adjunctive therapy in focal epilepsy in patients more than 17 years old. We retrospectively reviewed charts for lacosamide use and seizure frequency outcome in patients with focal epilepsy (Wilcoxon signed rank test). Sixteen(More)
UNLABELLED BECTS represents the vast majority of childhood focal epilepsy. Owing to the age peculiarity of children who suffer from this disease, i.e., school-going age of between 6 and 9 years, the condition is often referred to as a school disorder by parents and teachers. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the academic performance of(More)
Although the available evidence suggests that exercise may positively affect epilepsy, whether this effect is applicable to different types of epilepsy has not been established. Physiological responses during rest, acute physical effort, and a recovery period were studied by concomitant analysis of cerebral electric activity using EEGs in subjects with(More)
Although diagnosis of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME), a common form of idiopathic generalized epilepsy, is based on clinical and electroencephalogram (EEG) criteria, at times clinical symptoms may be misleading, like the occurrence of asymmetric myoclonic jerks. Thus EEG assumes an important role in these cases, it can fail to show the classical(More)