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OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS We sought to determine the effectiveness of powered intracapsular tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (PITA) in the treatment of children with moderately severe obstructive sleep apnea and to measure changes in quality of life that occur with such treatment. STUDY DESIGN Prospective, nonrandomized clinical trial in an academic pediatric(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) affects 1%-3% of children. Children with OSA can present for all types of surgical and diagnostic procedures requiring anesthesia, with adenotonsillectomy being the most common surgical treatment for OSA in the pediatric age group. Thus, it is imperative that the anesthesiologist be familiar with the potential(More)
OBJECTIVES Positive airway pressure therapy (PAP) is frequently used to treat children who have obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and do not respond to adenotonsillectomy. However, no studies have evaluated objectively adherence to PAP in children, and few studies have evaluated objectively the effectiveness of PAP. The objective of this study was to(More)
1. Carotid chemoreceptor sensitivity is minimal immediately after birth and increases with postnatal age. In the present study we have investigated the peri- and postnatal developmental time course of [Ca2+]i responses to hypoxia in clusters of type I cells isolated from near-term fetal rats and rats that were 1, 3, 7, 11, 14 and 21 days old, using the(More)
The site of postnatal maturation of carotid body chemoreception is unclear. To test the hypothesis that maturation occurs synchronously in type I cells and the whole carotid body, the development of changes in the intracellular Ca2+ concentration responses to hypoxia, CO2, and combined challenges was studied with fluorescence microscopy in type I cells and(More)
The diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea in children requires clinical suspicion supplemented with the use of specific diagnostic tests. Polysomnography remains the key to diagnosis, and helps to assess the need for treatment, the risk for perioperative respiratory compromise, and the likelihood of persistent OSAS after treatment. Adenotonsillectomy is the(More)
It has been postulated that the weak carotid chemoreceptor responses of neonatal mammals may be due to inhibition produced by high levels of endogenous dopamine release or exaggerated sensitivity to dopaminergic inhibition. This was studied by measuring the effect of domperidone, a selective dopamine D2-receptor antagonist, on the carotid chemoreceptor(More)
Most adolescents with ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) develop progressive bulbar muscle weakness and decreased pulmonary reserve. The purpose of this study was to define the patterns of sleep and respiration during sleep, and to identify sleep-related breathing problems in subjects with A-T. To address these issues, overnight polysomnography was performed on 12(More)