Laura M Koeth

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We analyzed the emergence of daptomycin nonsusceptibility in a patient with persistent vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA) bacteremia. The daptomycin-nonsusceptible VISA's cell wall demonstrated a reduction in muramic acid O-acetylation, a phenotypic parameter not previously reported for VISA; some isolates also contained a single point(More)
In vitro susceptibility data were collected for co-amoxiclav and other antimicrobial agents against 1297 recent anaerobe isolates collected in Europe and the USA. The co-amoxiclav (amoxicillin/clavulanic acid) MIC(50/90)s (amoxicillin/clavulanic acid concentration in a ratio of 2:1, expressed in terms of amoxicillin concentration in mg/L) were 0.5/4 for(More)
This study was undertaken to assess the in vitro activity of several antimicrobial agents against Brazilian isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae from 1996 to 2000. The antibiotics used were penicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (A/C), ampicillin, amoxicillin, cefaclor, cefdinir, cefixime, cefprozil, ceftriaxone, cefuroxime,(More)
Daptomycin is a novel lipopeptide antibiotic with potent in vitro antibacterial activity against Gram-positive pathogens. For daptomycin minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) testing, National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS) recommends the use of broth containing physiological levels of calcium (50 microg/ml). The daptomycin(More)
Antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) is performed to assess the in vitro activity of antimicrobial agents against various bacteria. The AST results, which are expressed as minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) are used in research for antimicrobial development and monitoring of resistance development and in the clinical setting for antimicrobial(More)
Penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) of 15 selected penicillin- and amoxicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates (MICs of 2 to 8 and 8 to 16 microg/ml, respectively) were studied. In addition to typical changes in PBPs 1A and 2X, these strains had 10 unique changes in PBP 2B, including a (618)A-G substitution, which may be the key alteration(More)
Daptomycin, a novel cyclic lipopeptide antibiotic, exhibits rapid bactericidal activity in vitro against most clinically relevant gram-positive organisms, including drug-resistant pathogens. Herein we describe a patient in whom methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with reduced susceptibility to daptomycin was responsible for bacteremia and(More)
Synergy time-kill testing of levofloxacin alone and in combination with CHP-105, a representative DnaK inhibitor, against 50 gram-negative rods demonstrated that 34 of the 50 strains tested showed significant synergy between levofloxacin and CHP-105 after 12 h and 24 h. Fourteen of these 34 organisms were quinolone resistant (levofloxacin MICs of > or =4(More)
The Etest manufacturer (bioMerieux) recommends Mueller–Hinton agar (MHA) with calcium concentration of 25–40 mg/L for daptomycin testing. A two phase study was performed to evaluate the effect of European agars on daptomycin Etest MICs. Broth microdilution (BMD) testing was performed and compared to Etest MICs for a challenge set of 20 Staphylococcus aureus(More)
OBJECTIVES A new, pharmacokinetically enhanced, oral formulation of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid has been developed to overcome resistance in the major bacterial respiratory pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae, while maintaining excellent activity against Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis, including beta-lactamase producing strains. This study(More)