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Stem cell fate is influenced by specialized microenvironments that remain poorly defined in mammals. To explore the possibility that haematopoietic stem cells derive regulatory information from bone, accounting for the localization of haematopoiesis in bone marrow, we assessed mice that were genetically altered to produce osteoblast-specific, activated(More)
Stem cells reside in a specialized niche that regulates their abundance and fate. Components of the niche have generally been defined in terms of cells and signaling pathways. We define a role for a matrix glycoprotein, osteopontin (OPN), as a constraining factor on hematopoietic stem cells within the bone marrow microenvironment. Osteoblasts that(More)
The interplay of osteogenesis and hematopoiesis: expression of a constitutively active PTH/PTHrP receptor in osteogenic cells perturbs the establishment of hematopoiesis in bone and of skeletal stem cells in the bone marrow he ontogeny of bone marrow and its stromal compartment , which is generated from skeletal stem/ progenitor cells, was investigated in(More)
The skeleton serves as the principal site for hematopoiesis in adult terrestrial vertebrates. The function of the hematopoietic system is to maintain homeostatic levels of all circulating blood cells, including myeloid cells, lymphoid cells, red blood cells, and platelets. This action requires the daily production of more than 500 billion blood cells. The(More)
Pancytopenia is a major cause of morbidity in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), yet its cause is unclear. Normal osteoblastic cells have been shown to support hematopoiesis. To define the effects of leukemia on osteoblastic cells, we used an immunocompetent murine model of AML. Leukemic mice had inhibition of osteoblastic cells, with decreased serum levels of(More)
Following ingestion of marine fish in Thailand this patient complained of gastrointestinal and neurological disturbances, marked by severe, mainly motor, demyelinating polyneuropathy, which worsened on her return to Italy a few days later. The clinical pattern, electromyography, cerebrospinal fluid test and sural nerve biopsy by electronmicroscopy permitted(More)
We have discovered a new Italian pedigree with autosomal-dominant ALS. The pedigree, at present, comprises 75 members distributed in five generations. ALS was diagnosed in eight patients. The mean +/- SD age of onset of the disease was 46.8 +/- 13.5 years, with a range of 29 to 63 years. The mean +/- SD duration of the disease was 11.6 +/- 1.7 months.(More)
PURPOSE Summarize current knowledge, critical gaps in knowledge, and recommendations to advance the field of metastatic bone cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A multidisciplinary consensus conference was convened to review recent progress in basic and clinical research, assess critical gaps in current knowledge, and prioritize recommendations to advance(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)-related protein (PTH-rP) is an important autocrine/paracrine attenuator of programmed cell differentiation whose expression is restricted to the epithelial layer in tooth development. The PTH/PTHrP receptor (PPR) mRNA in contrast is detected in the dental papilla, suggesting that PTHrP and the PPR may modulate(More)
The pathogenesis of adhesions following primary tendon repair is poorly understood, but is thought to involve dysregulation of matrix metalloproteinases (Mmps). We have previously demonstrated that Mmp9 gene expression is increased during the inflammatory phase following murine flexor digitorum (FDL) tendon repair in association with increased adhesions. To(More)