Laura Lazarus

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The authors examined the frequency and severity of depressive symptoms in elderly patients with presumed primary degenerative dementia and identified the signs and symptoms that provide a reliable basis for diagnosing depression. Forty-four patients and 42 control subjects were interviewed and rated on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression and the Sandoz(More)
No consensus exists regarding whether early response to an antidepressant strongly predicts a good outcome, what is the criterion for early response, or when to measure it. We hypothesized that early response (> or = 20% decrease in HAM-d21) after any of weeks 1, 2, or 3 of fluoxetine treatment of major depression in geriatric outpatients would predict a(More)
The interrater reliability of the standard Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (Ham-D) and a structured interview guide for the Ham-D (the SIGH-D) were compared in a sample of 20 elderly inpatients with major depression. Each patient was independently interviewed by four raters; two used the standard 24-item Ham-D, and the other two used a 24-item modified(More)
BACKGROUND Depression after stroke impedes the rehabilitation process and causes additional suffering to patient and family. Few studies have systematically examined pharmacologic treatments of poststroke depression. In the present paper, the use of the stimulant methylphenidate is studied in a depressed, elderly stroke population. METHOD Ten subjects(More)
The authors retrospectively studied the charts of 25 patients with poststroke depression who were treated with methylphenidate. The 13 patients (52%) who recovered completely from their depression did not differ significantly from the 12 nonresponders on demographic characteristics, location of cerebrovascular accident, and other variables. Mood usually(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine motor proficiency relations of siblings. 23 sibling pairs ages 5 to 13 years were studied. Motor proficiency was assessed by the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-Short Form of 14 items, adjusting for Body Mass Index percentile, age, and sex. The association among siblings' overall motor proficiency was(More)
The introduction of substantive geropsychiatry training into the medical school curriculum and residency programs in medicine and family practice involves overcoming such obstacles as competition among specialties for curriculum time, "ageism" (negative attitudes toward the elderly), limited financial resources, and scarcity of specialized educators and(More)