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Spatial distribution functions of atomic densities. SDFs, have been proposed as a natural starting point for analysis of local molecular structure in liquids and solutions. The local structure in these systems is often complex and this is reflected in the fact that SDFs can be difficult to visualize. Among the different methods that can be used to visualize(More)
The quality of narrowband telephone speech can be improved by artificial bandwidth expansion (ABE), which generates missing frequency components above the telephone bandwidth using only information from the narrowband speech signal. Straightforward bandwidth expansion methods do not reproduce the harmonic structure of voiced sounds properly, but a(More)
Quality and intelligibility of narrowband telephone speech can be improved by artificial bandwidth extension (ABE), which extends the speech bandwidth using only information available in the narrowband speech signal. This paper reports a three-language evaluation of an ABE method that has recently been launched in several of Nokia's mobile telephone models.(More)
SUMMARY The aim of this study was to investigate how different acoustic parameters, extracted both from speech pressure waveforms and glottal flows, can be used in measuring vocal loading in modern working environments and how these parameters reflect the possible changes in the vocal function during a working day. In addition, correlations between(More)
The limited bandwidth of 0.3-3.4 kHz in current telephone systems reduces both the quality and the intelligibility of speech. Artificial bandwidth expansion is a method that expands the bandwidth of the narrowband speech signal in the receiving end of the transmission link by adding new frequency components to the higher frequencies, i.e., up to 8 kHz. In(More)
The limited audio bandwidth used in telephone systems degrades both the quality and the intelligibility of speech. This paper presents a new method for the bandwidth extension of telephone speech. Frequency components are added to the frequency band 4-8 kHz using only the information in the narrowband speech. First, a wideband excitation is generated by(More)
Artificial bandwidth extension methods have been developed to improve the quality and intelligibility of narrowband telephone speech and to reduce the difference with wideband speech. Such methods have commonly been evaluated with objective measures or subjective listening-only tests, but conversational evaluations have been rare. This article presents a(More)