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Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is an important component of the signal transduction systems activated by tyrosine kinase receptors. It has not been established, however, whether PI3K is also an essential mediator for G protein-coupled receptors. The potential involvement of PI3K in G protein-linked angiotensin II (Ang II)-dependent signaling was(More)
OBJECTIVES Angiotensin II (AngII) generation in response to vascular injury has long been assumed to influence neointimal proliferation contributing to restenosis. This concept has been supported by evidence that ACE inhibition and AT1 receptor blockade effectively limits restenosis in the rat. On the other hand, ACE inhibition has proven ineffective in(More)
HSP47 is a heat-shock protein that interacts with intracellular procollagen. It has been found in fibrous atherosclerotic plaque, but its involvement in acute vascular restructuring is unknown. We analyzed the expression of HSP47 and its regulation in the developing rat aorta and after balloon injury to the adult rat carotid artery. HSP47 was strongly(More)
Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infection (CDI) is the main cause of nosocomial antibiotic-associated colitis and increased incidence of community-associated diarrhea in industrialized countries. At present, the primary treatment of CDI is antibiotic administration, which is effective but often associated with recurrence, especially in the elderly.(More)
Novel approaches targeting the host's immune response to treat Staphylococcus aureus infections have significant potential to improve clinical outcomes, in particular during infection with antibiotic-resistant strains. The hyaluronic acid-binding peptide (HABP) PEP35 was assessed for its ability to treat S. aureus infections using a clinically relevant(More)
A method for establishing primary cultures of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) from the porcine coronary artery without either microdissection and/or enzymatic dispersion was developed using selective migration of cells from coronary explants in vitro. This culture method relies on the heterogeneity of cell types and differences in their migration and adherence(More)
The role of angiotensin II (AngII) in the regulation of heart function under normal and pathological conditions has been well documented. Although two types of AngII receptors (AT1 and AT2 receptors) are found in equal proportions in the rat heart, most studies have focused primarily on AT1 receptor-coupled events. In this study, the contribution of both(More)
Angiotensin receptor antagonists have shown clinical promise in modulating vascular disease, in part by limiting smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration. The majority of studies examining the contribution of these receptors have been undertaken in cells derived from rat aorta, which primarily express the ANG II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor. This(More)
The prevalence of hypertension and atherosclerosis among subjects with hyperinsulinemia supports the premise of a direct metabolic link between insulin and angiotensin II at the cellular level. In the present study, the effect of insulin on the angiotensin II-induced growth of A10 smooth muscle cells (SMC) was investigated. Treatment of quiescent A10 cells(More)
This study was designed to define more precisely the relationship between specific angiotensin receptors and the growth of vascular smooth muscle cells in response to angiotensin II. These experiments employed quiescent A10 cells which were characterized as smooth muscle by the expression of specific contractlle proteins. Cell growth was monitored by(More)