Laura L Saward

Learn More
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is an important component of the signal transduction systems activated by tyrosine kinase receptors. It has not been established, however, whether PI3K is also an essential mediator for G protein-coupled receptors. The potential involvement of PI3K in G protein-linked angiotensin II (Ang II)-dependent signaling was(More)
OBJECTIVES Angiotensin II (AngII) generation in response to vascular injury has long been assumed to influence neointimal proliferation contributing to restenosis. This concept has been supported by evidence that ACE inhibition and AT1 receptor blockade effectively limits restenosis in the rat. On the other hand, ACE inhibition has proven ineffective in(More)
Maintaining murine 3T6 fibroblasts in serum-depleted medium for a period of three days results in a resting cell population that does not synthesize DNA. Histone mRNA levels, closely tied to the cell-proliferation rate, are low due to a reduced rate of synthesis. A comparison of histone gene transcription in vitro by nuclear extracts of quiescent or(More)
A method for establishing primary cultures of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) from the porcine coronary artery without either microdissection and/or enzymatic dispersion was developed using selective migration of cells from coronary explants in vitro. This culture method relies on the heterogeneity of cell types and differences in their migration and adherence(More)
This study was designed to define more precisely the relationship between specific angiotensin receptors and the growth of vascular smooth muscle cells in response to angiotensin II. These experiments employed quiescent A10 cells which were characterized as smooth muscle by the expression of specific contractlle proteins. Cell growth was monitored by(More)
The angiotensin subtype 2 (AT2) receptor is scarce in most adult vascular tissues except after injury. Since angiotensin II (AngII) is released upon injury, we examined the possibility that AngII governs AT2 receptor expression in smooth muscle cells (SMC). A polyclonal antiserum, raised to a peptide corresponding to the AT2 receptor C-terminus, recognized(More)
Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infection (CDI) is the main cause of nosocomial antibiotic-associated colitis and increased incidence of community-associated diarrhea in industrialized countries. At present, the primary treatment of CDI is antibiotic administration, which is effective but often associated with recurrence, especially in the elderly.(More)
Phenotypic tolerances to antibiotics of mature and young Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 biofilms and released planktonic bacteria were compared for four antibiotics. Resistance levels were similar for gentamicin and ciprofloxacin but differed for ceftazidime and meropenem. β-Lactamase mapping showed that, after 5 h of ceftazidime exposure, mature biofilms(More)
HSP47 is a heat-shock protein that interacts with intracellular procollagen. It has been found in fibrous atherosclerotic plaque, but its involvement in acute vascular restructuring is unknown. We analyzed the expression of HSP47 and its regulation in the developing rat aorta and after balloon injury to the adult rat carotid artery. HSP47 was strongly(More)
The role of angiotensin II (AngII) in the regulation of heart function under normal and pathological conditions has been well documented. Although two types of AngII receptors (AT1 and AT2 receptors) are found in equal proportions in the rat heart, most studies have focused primarily on AT1 receptor-coupled events. In this study, the contribution of both(More)