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OBJECTIVE Foci of increased radioactive iodine (RAI) uptake in the thyroid bed following total thyroidectomy (TT) indicate residual thyroid tissue that may be benign or malignant. The use of postoperative RAI therapy in the form of remnant ablation, adjuvant therapy, or therapeutic intervention is often followed by a posttherapy scan. Our objective is to(More)
BACKGROUND While there is consensus that significant extrathyroidal extension (ETE) (T4) should upstage a patient with well-differentiated thyroid cancer, the importance of minimal ETE (T3) remains controversial. Additionally, the importance of nodal metastases on prognosis has come under scrutiny. Recent publications highlight the importance of size,(More)
BACKGROUND Prophylactic central neck dissection (PCND) for papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is controversial. Recent publications suggest that the number and size of nodes and the presence of extranodal extension (ENE) are important features for risk stratification of lymph node metastases. We analyzed these features in clinically unapparent nodes that would(More)
BACKGROUND Extranodal extension (ENE) is a documented negative prognostic factor in patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). ENE is presumed to manifest in larger lymph nodes. Yet, to date, no study has proven this. This is a pilot study that specifically examines the size distribution of positive lymph nodes manifesting ENE in patients with PTC. (More)
BACKGROUND The use of high-resolution ultrasound (US) imaging is a mainstay of the initial evaluation and long-term management of thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer. To fully capitalize on the diagnostic capabilities of a US examination in the context of thyroid disease, many clinicians consider it desirable to establish a universal format and standard of(More)
OBJECTIVE The dramatic increase in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is primarily a result of early diagnosis of small cancers. Active surveillance is a promising management strategy for papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMCs). However, as this management strategy gains traction in the U.S., it is imperative that patients and clinicians be properly(More)
BACKGROUND The current systems of healthcare delivery in the United States suffer from problems that often leave patients with inadequate quality of care. In their report entitled "Crossing the Quality Chasm," the Institute of Medicine (IOM) identified reasons for poor and/or inconsistent quality of healthcare delivery and provided recommendations to(More)
BACKGROUND Our surgical approach describes a bipaddled radial forearm free flap (RFFF) for closure of chronic tracheoesophageal fistulae (TEF) in patients who underwent total laryngectomy. The desired functional results were achieved. METHODS Eight patients underwent the procedure. The surgical approach includes exposure and resection of the fistula(More)
Extranodal extension (ENE) is an indicator of poor prognosis in well-differentiated thyroid cancer (WDTC). We have demonstrated that extrathyroidal extension (ETE) predicts ENE in patients with positive lymph nodes, indicating concordance between primary tumor and lymph node biology. In an effort to determine if there were other histologic features of the(More)
BACKGROUND Appropriate management of well-differentiated thyroid cancer requires treating clinicians to have access to critical elements of the patient's presentation, surgical management, postoperative course, and pathologic assessment. Electronic health records (EHRs) provide an effective method for the storage and transmission of patient information,(More)