Laura Kawasaki

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Among eukaryotes, only slime molds, fungi, and plants contain signal transduction phosphorelay systems. In filamentous fungi, multiple sensor kinases appear to use a single histidine-containing phosphotransfer (HPt) protein to relay signals to two response regulators (RR). In Aspergillus nidulans, the RR SskA mediates activation of the mitogen-activated(More)
Detoxification of hydrogen peroxide is a fundamental aspect of the cellular antioxidant responses in which catalases play a major role. Two differentially regulated catalase genes, catA and catB, have been studied in Aspergillus nidulans. Here we have characterized a third catalase gene, designated catC, which predicts a 475-amino-acid polypeptide(More)
In eukaryotic cells, environmental stress signals are transmitted by evolutionarily conserved MAPKs, such as Hog1 in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Spc1 in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe and p38/JNK in mammalian cells. Here, we report the identification of the Aspergillus nidulans sakA gene, which encodes a member of the stress(More)
Catalases are ubiquitous hydrogen peroxide-detoxifying enzymes that are central to the cellular antioxidant response. Of two catalase activities detected in the fungus Aspergillus nidulans, the catA gene encodes the spore-specific catalase A (CatA). Here we characterize a second catalase gene, identified after probing a genomic library with catA, and(More)
Fungi utilize a phosphorelay system coupled to a MAP kinase module for sensing and processing environmental signals. In Aspergillus nidulans, response regulator SskA transmits osmotic and oxidative stress signals to the stress MAPK (SAPK) SakA. Using a genetic approach together with GFP tagging and molecular bifluorescence we show that SakA and ATF/CREB(More)
Interest in extracellular fungal lipases has increased mainly because of their industrial applications. However, no studies have been done on a genetically well characterized filamentous fungus like Aspergillus nidulans. Here we show that A. nidulans produces an extracellular lipase when grown in solid or liquid cultures containing lipids as carbon source.(More)
Yeast mating signal transduction pathways require a heterotrimeric G protein composed of Gα, Gβ, and Gγ subunits connected to a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) module. While in Saccharomyces cerevisiae elimination of Gα induces constitutive activation of the mating pathway, in Kluyveromyces lactis it produces partial sterility, which indicates that(More)
The Kluyveromyces lactis heterotrimeric G protein is a canonical Galphabetagamma complex; however, in contrast to Saccharomyces cerevisiae, where the Ggamma subunit is essential for mating, disruption of the KlGgamma gene yielded cells with almost intact mating capacity. Expression of a nonfarnesylated Ggamma, which behaves as a dominant-negative in S.(More)
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae the Gbetagamma dimer of the heterotrimeric G protein transduces a pheromone signal from serpentine receptor to a MAP kinase cascade that activates the mating response pathway. Haploid cells lacking the Gbeta subunit do not respond to sexual pheromone, leading to sterility. In this work we demonstrate that the(More)
The Kluyveromyces lactis SLN1 phosphorelay system includes the osmosensor histidine kinase Sln1, the phosphotransfer protein Ypd1 and the response regulator Ssk1. Here we show that K. lactis has a functional phosphorelay system. In vitro assays, using a heterologous histidine kinase, show that the phosphate group is accepted by KlYpd1 and transferred to(More)