Laura K. Vaughan

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OBJECTIVE To determine whether shared epitope (SE)-containing HLA-DRB1 alleles are associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in African Americans and whether their presence is associated with higher degrees of global (genome-wide) genetic admixture from the European population. METHODS In this multicenter cohort study, African Americans with early RA and(More)
When two or more populations have been separated by geographic or cultural boundaries for many generations, drift, spontaneous mutations, differential selection pressures and other factors may lead to allele frequency differences among populations. If these 'parental' populations subsequently come together and begin inter-mating, disequilibrium among linked(More)
Linkage studies of complex traits frequently yield multiple linkage regions covering hundreds of genes. Testing each candidate gene from every region is prohibitively expensive and computational methods that simplify this process would benefit genetic research. We present a new method based on commonality of functional annotation (CFA) that aids dissection(More)
Individual genetic admixture estimates, determined both across the genome and at specific genomic regions, have been proposed for use in identifying specific genomic regions harboring loci influencing phenotypes in regional admixture mapping (RAM). Estimates of individual ancestry can be used in structured association tests (SAT) to reduce confounding(More)
Questions remain regarding the utility of self-reported ethnicity (SRE) in genetic and epidemiologic research. It is not clear whether conditioning on SRE provides adequate protection from inflated type I error rates due to population stratification and admixture. We address this question using data obtained from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis(More)
Common, complex diseases are hypothesized to result from a combination of common and rare genetic variants. We developed a unified framework for the joint association testing of both types of variants. Within the framework, we developed a union-intersection test suitable for genome-wide analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), candidate gene(More)
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) (Chromosome 6p21.3) is a dynamic, immune gene-rich region that is associated with multiple diseases. Haplotype-tagging single-nucleotide polymorphism (htSNP) panels for the MHC can aid association studies but have only been reported for African, Asian and Caucasian populations to date. We genotyped 2154 SNPs(More)
OBJECTIVE Genetic studies may help explain abnormalities of fat distribution in HIV-infected patients treated with antiretroviral therapy (ARV). METHODS Subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) volume measured by MRI in the leg, the lower trunk, the upper trunk, and the arm was examined in 192 HIV-infected White men, ARV-treated from the Fat Redistribution and(More)
RATIONALE Left ventricular (LV) mass and related phenotypes are heritable, important predictors of cardiovascular disease, particularly in hypertensive individuals. OBJECTIVE Identify genetic predictors of echocardiographic phenotypes in hypertensive families. METHODS AND RESULTS A multistage genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted in(More)