Laura J Torbeck

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Recent studies have shown that at least some of the functional effects of serotonin (5-HT) on motoneuron excitability are direct and are mediated via postsynaptic 5-HT receptors on motoneurons. To determine the spatial distribution of direct inputs from the serotonin system on the proximal and distal dendrites of individual motoneurons, we examined(More)
PURPOSE Relatively little is known about how medical genetics is being taught in the undergraduate medical curriculum and whether educators concur regarding topical priority. This study sought to document the current state of medical genetics education in U.S. and Canadian accredited medical schools. METHOD In August 2004, surveys were sent from the(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical residency training is evolving, and trainees who wish to practice hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery in the future will be required to obtain advanced training. As this paradigm evolves, it is crucial that HPB fellowship incorporation into an established surgical residency programme does not diminish surgical residents' exposure to(More)
HYPOTHESIS Surgery residents can learn continuous quality improvement (CQI) principles within a structured curriculum and propose quality improvement projects. DESIGN Curriculum within a surgical residency program. SETTING A university surgical residency program with multiple hospital training sites. PARTICIPANTS Fifteen surgical residents during the(More)
BACKGROUND This study sought to determine to what extent surgery programs are remediating residents who fail to achieve competency and to offer remediation strategies. METHODS A web-based survey was e-mailed to 253 program directors of all US surgery residency programs. Questions were asked about remediation and probation practices for residents failing(More)
BACKGROUND Guidance in the operating room impacts resident confidence and ability to function independently. The purpose of this study was to explore attending surgeon guidance practices in the operating room as reported by faculty members themselves and by junior and senior residents. METHODS This was an exploratory, cross-sectional survey research study(More)
BACKGROUND In 1999, the Indiana University School of Medicine implemented a new curriculum based on the attainment of core competencies beyond medical knowledge. PURPOSE The objective was to document how the Student Promotions Committee (SPC) has adjudicated students' competency-related deficiencies over the past decade. METHODS Using SPC records, the(More)
BACKGROUND To further understand how faculty promote resident autonomy in the operating room (OR), we explored their perceptions, and those of senior residents, on the behaviors and techniques they employ to foster independence. METHODS Twenty postgraduate year PGY4 and PGY5 residents were asked to list 3 general surgery faculty who give the most and(More)
Although ethics education in undergraduate medical school curricula has become essentially universal, and because ethics and professionalism have become integral parts of competency-based curricula for residents in nearly all specialties of medicine and surgery, it is not clear to what extent postgraduate surgical training routinely includes ethics(More)
References 1. Fitzpatrick JL, Sanders JR, Worthen BR. Program Evaluation: Alternative Approaches and Practical Guidelines. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education; 2011. 2. Christie CA, Alkin MC. An evaluation theory tree. In: Alkin MC, ed. Evaluation Roots. 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage; 2013:11–57. 3. Stufflebeam DL. The relevance of the CIPP(More)