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Truncated hemoglobin O (trHbO) is one of two trHbs in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Remarkably, trHbO possesses two novel distal residues, in addition to the B10 tyrosine, that may be important in ligand binding. These are the CD1 tyrosine and G8 tryptophan. Here we investigate the reactions of trHbO and mutants using stopped-flow spectrometry, flash(More)
Contryphans are unusual Conus peptides which contain a distinctive post-translational modification, D-tryptophan or D-leucine. cDNA clones encoding new contryphans from the mollusc-hunting cone snail Conus textile were identified and the inferred mature peptides were synthesized: contryphan-Tx (Gly-Cys-Hyp-D-Trp-Gln-Pro-Tyr-Cys-NH(2)), Leu-contryphan-Tx(More)
Functionally distinct conformations of HbA (human adult hemoglobin) were probed using deoxy and diliganded derivatives of symmetric Fe-Zn hybrids of HbA. To expand the range of accessible structures, different environments were utilized including solution, sol-gel encapsulation, and crystals. Further structural and functional modulation was achieved by the(More)
The reactive sulfhydryl group on Cys beta93 in human adult hemoglobin (HbA) has been the focus of many studies because of its importance both as a site for synthetic manipulation and as a possible binding site for nitric oxide (NO) in vivo. Despite the interest in this site and the known functional alterations associated with manipulation of this site,(More)
Oxygen binding curves of sol-gel-encapsulated deoxy human adult hemoglobin (HbA) have previously revealed two distinct noncooperative populations with oxygen binding affinities approximately 1000 and 100 times lower than that of the high-affinity R state. The two populations which have been termed the low-affinity (LA) and high-affinity (HA) T states can be(More)
The impact upon molecular structure of an additional point mutation adjacent to the existing E6V mutation in sickle cell hemoglobin was probed spectroscopically. The UV resonance Raman results show that the conformational consequences of mutating the salt bridge pair, betaGlu(7)-betaLys(132), are dependent on which residue of the pair is modified. The(More)
The N-terminal tau 2-19 peptide undergoes gelation, syneresis, and aggregation over a period of years. These changes may be approximated on a shorter time scale by agitation and partial dehydration. The anomalously enhanced (229 nm) ultraviolet resonance Raman (UVRR) imide II band reveals a common structural feature for gels of nondehydrated tau 2-19 and(More)
Hemoglobin Ypsilanti (HbY) is a stable tetrameric hemoglobin that binds oxygen with little or no cooperativity and with high affinity [Doyle, M. L., et al. (1992) Proteins: Struct., Funct., Genet. 14, 351-362]. It displays an especially large quaternary enhancement effect. An X-ray crystallographic study [Smith, F. R., et al. (1991) Proteins: Struct.,(More)
We report for the first time specific conformational changes for a homogeneous population of ligand-bound adult deoxy human hemoglobin A (HbA) generated by introducing CO into a sample of deoxy-HbA with the effector, inositol hexaphosphate, encapsulated in a porous sol-gel. The preparation of ligand-bound deoxy-HbA results from the speed of ligand diffusion(More)
The Yersinia protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPase) contain a single and invariant tryptophan (W354) located at one of the hinge positions of the flexible loop (WpD loop), which is essential for catalysis. The wild-type Yersinia PTPase and an active site mutant in which the esential Cys 403 has been replaced by serine (C403S) have been examined using both(More)