Laura J. Jenski

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Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is known to have anti-cancer activities by mechanisms that are not well understood. In the present study, we test one possible pathway for DHA action in Jurkat leukaemic cells. Low doses of DHA (10 microM) are shown to induce cell-cycle arrest, whereas higher doses are cytotoxic. However, when cells that were pre-treated with 10(More)
The fluorescent probe merocyanine (MC540) reports qualitatively on several membrane events. Here we demonstrate that MC540 fluorescence can quantify the degree of coexisting liquid-crystalline and gel states in mixed monotectic phosphatidylcholine (PC) bilayers. The probe exhibits disparate fluorescence wavelength maximas and and intensities when(More)
It is postulated that biological membrane lipids are heterogeneously distributed into lipid microdomains. Recent evidence indicates that docosahexaenoic acid-containing phospholipids may be involved in biologically important lipid phase separations. Here we investigate the elastic and thermal properties of a model plasma membrane composed of egg(More)
R-837, a compound with no in vitro anti-HSV activity, was administered intravaginally to guinea pigs (5 mg/kg every 12 h) for five days beginning 12 h after genital HSV-2 inoculation. Drug treatment reduced vaginal viral replication (P less than 0.0001), completely protected against primary disease and reduced recurrent genital HSV disease (P less than(More)
Long-chain polyunsaturated (n-3) fatty acids have been proposed to be involved in a wide variety of biological activities. In this study, mitochondrial docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels were increased by either dietary manipulation or by fusing the mitochondria with phospholipid vesicles made from 1-stearoyl-2-docosahexaenoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine(More)
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6) is a long-chain omega-3 fatty acid abundant in cold water fish; it is the most unsaturated fatty acid found in biologic systems and is reported to alter membrane structure. To explore DHA's effect on membrane function, we have fused tumor cells with synthetic phosphatidylcholine (PC) containing stearic acid in the sn-1(More)
Omega-3 fatty acids, abundant in fish oil, are reported to alter membrane properties when incorporated into membrane phospholipids. We report that dietary omega-3 fatty acids, incorporated into tumor cell membranes, alter tumor recognition and cytolysis by the immune system. Mice were fed diets rich in corn oil, hydrogenated coconut oil, or menhaden (fish)(More)
T cell activation involves events at the plasma membrane; therefore, molecules such as long chain omega-3 fatty acids that alter the structure of the plasma membrane may affect the activation of aged T cells. In this project we investigated whether the incorporation of omega-3 fatty acids (from fish oil), in the presence of vitamin E, improves(More)
The techniques of differential scanning calorimetry, fluorescence of merocyanine 540, fluorescence polarization of 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene, proton permeability, and lipid peroxidation are used to compare the perturbations of cholesterol and alpha-tocopherol on lipid bilayer membranes composed of different phosphatidylcholines containing stearic acid(More)
Here we explore how incorporation of the omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) into murine leukemia cells (T27A) may alter membrane structure and function. When cells were cultured in DHA-supplemented medium, DHA incorporated rapidly and preferentially into phosphatidyl-ethanolamine (PE), with lesser and slower incorporation into phosphatidylcholine(More)