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The role of CD16(-) and CD16(+) Mo subsets in human TB remains unknown. Our aim was to characterize Mo subsets from TB patients and to assess whether the inflammatory milieu from TB pleurisy modulate their phenotype and recruitment. We found an expansion of peripheral CD16(+) Mo that correlated with disease severity and with TNF-α plasma levels. Circulating(More)
BACKGROUND The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin 17 (IL-17) plays an important role in immune responses but it is also associated with tissue-damaging inflammation. So, we evaluated the ability of Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates to induce IL-17 in tuberculosis (TB) patients and in healthy human tuberculin reactors (PPD(+)HD). METHODS(More)
During a chronic infection such as tuberculosis, the pool of tissue dendritic cells (DC) must be renewed by recruitment of both circulating DC progenitors and monocytes (Mo). However, the microenvironment of the inflammatory site affects Mo differentiation. As DC are critical for initiating a Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific T-cell response, we argue(More)
In Argentina, multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) outbreaks emerged among hospitalized patients with AIDS in the early 1990s and thereafter disseminated to the immunocompetent community. Epidemiological, bacteriological, and genotyping data allowed the identification of certain MDR Mycobacterium tuberculosis outbreak strains, such as the so-called(More)
Tuberculous pleurisy allows the study of human cells at the site of active Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. In this study, we found that among pleural fluid (PF) lymphocytes, natural killer (NK) cells are a major source of early gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) upon M. tuberculosis stimulation, leading us to investigate the mechanisms and molecules(More)
Tuberculous pleurisy, one of the most common manifestations of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, is characterized by a T-cell-mediated hypersensitivity reaction along with a Th1 immune profile. In this study, we investigated functional cross-talk among T and NK cells in human tuberculous pleurisy. We found that endogenously activated pleural fluid-derived NK(More)
Some multidrug-resistant (MDR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) genotypes are the cause of large outbreaks, including strain M identified in Argentina. In contrast, its kin strain 410 has only caused a single case to date. Cell wall antigens from Mtb were associated with the modulation of macrophage (MΦ) cell death, and the ability to inhibit of MΦ(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis has a considerable degree of genetic variability resulting in different epidemiology and disease outcomes. We evaluated the pathogen-host cell interaction of two genetically closely-related multidrug-resistant M. tuberculosis strains of the Haarlem family, namely the strain M, responsible for an extensive multidrug-resistant(More)
In human tuberculosis (TB), CD8+ T cells contribute to host defense by the release of Th1 cytokines and the direct killing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)-infected macrophages via granule exocytosis pathway or the engagement of receptors on target cells. Previously we demonstrated that strain M, the most prevalent multidrug-resistant (MDR) Mtb strain in(More)
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