Laura J. Dickie

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW The spectrum of periodic fever syndromes (PFS)/autoinflammation diseases is continuously expanding. This review provides an overview of the primary research and an update on the main clinical developments in these disorders published in the past 12-18 months. RECENT FINDINGS IL-1β is pivotal to the pathogenesis of most of the PFS. In(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether vitamin D(3) modulates monocytic expression of intracellular Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 3, 7 and 9. METHODS Human monocytes were isolated from peripheral blood and cultured with 100 nM vitamin D(3) for 24, 48 and 72 h. Expression of CD14 and TLR2, TLR3, TLR4, TLR7 and TLR9 were examined by flow cytometry. Monocytes exposed(More)
X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) is a central regulator of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response. It is induced via activation of the IRE1 stress sensor as part of the unfolded protein response (UPR) and has been implicated in several diseases processes. XBP1 can also be activated in direct response to Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligation independently(More)
The term 'autoinflammatory disease' was first proposed in 1999 to encompass some of the distinct clinicopathologic features of a group of monogenic conditions, characterised by recurrent episodes of inflammation, without high-titre autoantibodies or antigen-specific T cells. It was subsequently observed that several of these conditions were caused by(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-receptor associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) is a rare autosomal dominant autoinflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of long-lasting fever and inflammation in different regions of the body, such as the musculo-skeletal system, skin, gastrointestinal tract, serosal membranes and eye. Our aims were to evaluate(More)
Historically, pediatric inflammatory diseases were viewed as autoimmune but developments in genetics of monogenic disease have supported our proposal that “inflammation against self” be viewed as an immunologic disease continuum (IDC), with genetic disorders of adaptive and innate immunity at either end. Innate immune-mediated diseases may be associated(More)
Evaluation of the preclinical phases of the classic autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis has been facilitated by the availability of autoantibody and genetic markers that point firmly towards the early dysregulation of the adaptive immune responses. The association of psoriatic disease with the human leucocyte antigen-Cw0602 (HLA-Cw0602) gene(More)
The concept of autoinflammatory disease as a new disease classification has resulted in a paradigm shift in our understanding of the the broad spectrum of immunological diseases. The effectiveness of interleukin-1 blockade in a variety of disorders has resulted in a marked reduction in suffering for many of these patients.
OBJECTIVES To investigate convergence of endoplasmic reticulum stress pathways and enhanced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, due to intracellular retention of mutant tumour necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1), as a disease mechanism in TNFR-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS). METHODS Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with TRAPS(More)
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