Laura J. Chalmers

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In spite of a progressive fall in the incidence of traditional risk factors of cardiovascular morbidity (cigarette smoking, high blood pressure, and hyperlipidemia), there is an upward trend in the prevalence of obesity and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Furthermore, there is a strong correlation between body mass indices and the relative risk of progression(More)
In 2002 a consensus statement pertaining to the management of classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency was jointly produced by the Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society and the European Society of Pediatric Endocrinology. One of the recommendations of this consensus was that centers should maintain multidisciplinary(More)
  • Stavros Stavrakis, Xichun Yu, +9 authors David C Kem
  • 2009
OBJECTIVES We studied activating autoantibodies to beta-1 adrenergic receptors (AAbeta1AR) and activating autoantibodies to M2 muscarinic receptors (AAM2R) in the genesis of atrial fibrillation (AF) in Graves' hyperthyroidism. BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation frequently complicates hyperthyroidism. Both AAbeta1AR and AAM2R have been described in some(More)
The full public health effects of the new epidemic of obesity and diabetes in children and adolescents may not be known for many years but are certain to be substantial. Diagnosed diabetes, which is present in only 4.2% of the US population, along with its consequences, already represents approximately 19% of the total personal healthcare expenditures in(More)
Epithelia of the cornea, lens and retina contain a vast array of ion channels and pumps. Together they produce a polarized flow of ions in and out of cells, as well as across the epithelia. These naturally occurring ion fluxes are essential to the hydration and metabolism of the ocular tissues, especially for the avascular cornea and lens. The directional(More)
Migration of epidermal stem cells (EpSCs) into wounds may play an important role in wound healing. Endogenous electric fields (EFs) arise naturally at wounds. Consistent with previous reports, we measured outward electric currents at rat skin wounds using vibrating probes. Topical use of prostaglandin E2 significantly promoted wound healing. However, it is(More)
In 2006, a consensus statement was jointly produced by the Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society (LWPES) and the European Society of Paediatric Endocrinology (ESPE) concerning the management of disorders of sex development (DSD) [1]. A recommendation provided by this consensus was that evaluation and long-term care for people affected by DSD should be(More)
We determined whether arterial compliance measured by pulse wave analysis is impaired in obese pubertal children compared to normal weight controls, and assessed whether arterial compliance is associated with ambulatory activity. Body fat percentage was significantly different between the normal (n = 33) and obese (n = 34) participants (P < .001). Large (P(More)
Endogenous electric fields (EFs) occur naturally in vivo and play a critical role during tissue/organ development and regeneration, including that of the central nervous system(1,2). These endogenous EFs are generated by cellular regulation of ionic transport combined with the electrical resistance of cells and tissues. It has been reported that applied EF(More)
PURPOSES To compare daily ambulatory measures in children, adolescents, and young adults with and without metabolic syndrome and to assess which metabolic syndrome components, demographic measures, and body composition measures are associated with daily ambulatory measures. METHODS Two-hundred fifty subjects between the ages of 10 and 30 yr were assessed(More)