Laura Greenfield

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Transferrin (Tf) receptor-variant Chinese hamster ovary cells have been isolated by selection for resistance to two Tf-toxin conjugates. The hybrid toxins contain Tf covalently linked to ricin A chain or a genetically engineered diphtheria toxin fragment. The Tf-receptor-variant (TRV) cells do not have detectable cell-surface Tf receptor; they do not bind(More)
The Mauthner axon contacts two principal neurons within the brainstem: the cranial relay neuron and the follower neuron. The cranial relay neuron is excited through axoaxonic contacts by both Mauthner axons, while the follower neuron is excited by the Mauthner axon ipsilateral to its soma and inhibited (through an interposed neuron) by the contralateral(More)
Long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic transmission in the rat hippocampus in vivo and in vitro, was studied using field potentials. Pretreatment with phencyclidine (PCP) or 'sigma' opiates blocked LTP in vivo while mu and kappa opiates and the antagonist naloxone were ineffective. Scopolamine (20 mg/kg i.p.) neither prevented LTP nor antagonized the(More)
1. Synapsin I was injected into a vertebrate presynaptic axon to analyze its action on quantal synaptic transmission. Two microelectrodes were used for simultaneous intracellular recording from pairs of identified neurons in the goldfish brain. The postsynaptic electrode was placed in a cranial relay neuron (CRN) within 100 microns of its synapse with the(More)
Xenopus ovarian follicles consist of single large oocytes surrounded by a layer of small follicle cells that are coupled to the oocyte by gap junctions. Hyperpolarizing K+ currents can be detected in the oocytes of follicles stimulated with adenosine, isoproterenol, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), or microinjected adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate(More)
Xenopus follicles consist of a single large oocyte surrounded by a monolayer of follicle cells attached to the oocyte by gap junctions. Adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) activates an outward K+ current which is completely abolished if follicle cells are removed or if phorbol esters (which have been reported to reduce gap junctional conductance)(More)
BACKGROUND Autophagy is implicated in Crohn's disease (CD) pathogenesis. Recent evidence suggests autophagy regulates the microRNA (miRNA)-induced silencing complex (miRISC). Therefore, autophagy may play a novel role in CD by regulating expression of miRISC, thereby altering miRNA silencing. As microbes associated with CD can alter autophagy, we(More)
Ovarian follicles of Xenopus laevis frogs consist of a single large oocyte surrounded by follicle cells attached to the oocyte by gap junctions. Adenosine has been found to activate an outward K+ current in follicles. This response is reduced by microinjection of protein kinase inhibitor (PKI), suggesting that adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP)(More)
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