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Vigabatrin is a rationally developed antiepileptic drug, which acts by increasing GABA levels in the brain by irreversibly inhibiting GABA degradation. However, its clinical use in epilepsy is restricted by severe side effects, including vision loss, which is thought to be a consequence of drug exposure of the retina and nonepileptic brain regions. Targeted(More)
UNLABELLED Neuronal transplantation is a promising experimental treatment approach for intractable epilepsies, but rejection of porcine or human cells in rodent epilepsy models requires adequate immunosuppression to enable long-term survival of xenografts. The commonly used immunosuppressive drug cyclosporine A (CsA) itself was suggested to affect seizure(More)
The subthalamic nucleus (STN) plays a crucial role as a regulator of basal ganglia outflow but also influences the activity of cortical and limbic structures, so that it is widely used as a therapeutic target in different brain diseases, including epilepsy. In addition to electrical stimulation of the STN, targeted delivery of anti-seizure drugs to the STN(More)
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