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Puroindoline a (Pin-a) and puroindoline b (Pin-b), two basic isoforms encoded by the Pina-D1 and Pinb-D1 loci respectively, involved in controlling grain texture in wheat, were isolated from starch granules of soft wheat cultivars using three different extraction procedures, and fractionated by acidic polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (A-PAGE). Tris buffer(More)
Puroindolines, the tryptophan-rich proteins controlling grain hardness in wheat, appeared as two pairs of 13 kDa polypeptides in the Acid-PAGE (A-PAGE) and two-dimensional A-PAGE×SDS-PAGE patterns of starch-granule proteins from wild allotetraploid wheat Aegilops ventricosa Tausch. (2n = 4x = 28, genomes DvDvNvNv). Puroindoline pair a1 + a2 reacted strongly(More)
Nectarines play a key role in peach industry; the fuzzless skin has implications for consumer acceptance. The peach/nectarine (G/g) trait was described as monogenic and previously mapped on chromosome 5. Here, the position of the G locus was delimited within a 1.1 cM interval (635 kb) based on linkage analysis of an F2 progeny from the cross 'Contender' (C,(More)
We describe the setting up and validation of a reporter gene assay for type I IFN based on monkey Vero cells transfected with pMx-Luc, a plasmid carrying the luciferase gene under the control of the type I IFN inducible mouse Mx1 promoter. Vero cells were stably transfected with pMx-Luc and clone 3-143/5 was selected on the basis of luciferase inducibility(More)
Epidemiological field controls in different Italian locations and seedling evaluations of the ‘Thatcher’ near-isogenic lines (NILs) carrying the leaf rust resistance genes Lr1, Lr9, Lr24 and Lr47 were conducted during 5 years of testing. These genes confirmed their effectiveness in both field and greenhouse conditions. Moreover a backcross program was(More)
The starch granule proteins from 113 einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum ssp monococcum) accessions were analyzed by acidic, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (A-PAGE), and two-dimensional A-PAGE x SDS-PAGE. All accessions were confirmed to contain equal amounts of two polypeptide chains corresponding to puroindoline B (Pin-B), as well as a prominent(More)
Hordoindolines, the tryptophan-rich polypeptides affecting grain hardness in barley, appeared as three pairs of polypeptides in the acidic polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (A-PAGE) and two-dimensional A-PAGE × SDS-PAGE patterns of starch-granule proteins from 18 barley cultivars. On capillary RP-HPLC/nESI-MS/MS spectrometry, one pair of polypeptides was(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM In the present paper, the toxicity of prolamines derived from three cereals with a different genome was investigated in human colon cancer Caco-2/TC7 and human myelogenous leukemia K562(S) cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate if species from ancient wheat could be considered as healthy food crops devoid or poor in cytotoxic(More)
OBJECTIVE Most of the recent studies suggest that oats are well tolerated by celiac disease (CD) patients. However, it is still possible that different oat cultivars may display different biological properties relevant for CD pathogenesis. We aimed to investigate biological and immunological properties of two oat varieties, Avena genziana and Avena potenza,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Celiac disease is a gluten sensitive disorder that occurs in genetically susceptible individuals. The present study deals with variation in the immune response of mucosal T-cells from celiac children to prolamins extracted from nine landraces of farro wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. dicoccum) with contrasting storage protein compositions. (More)