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The identification of lung tumor-initiating cells and associated markers may be useful for optimization of therapeutic approaches and for predictive and prognostic information in lung cancer patients. CD133, a surface glycoprotein linked to organ-specific stem cells, was described as a marker of cancer-initiating cells in different tumor types. Here, we(More)
Mutations in certain genes that regulate the cell cycle, such as p16 and p53, are frequently found in human cancers. However, tumor-specific mutations are uncommon in genes encoding cyclin E and the CDK inhibitor p27Kip1, two cell-cycle regulators that are also thought to contribute to tumor progression. It is now known that levels of both cyclin E and p27(More)
PURPOSE The p53 gene plays a critical role in cellular response to DNA damage and has been implicated in the response to platinum compounds in ovarian carcinoma patients. Because taxanes could induce p53-independent apoptosis, we assessed the relevance of p53 gene status to response in ovarian carcinoma patients receiving paclitaxel and platinum-containing(More)
Stable transfection of human ovarian carcinoma cells with survivin cDNA caused a four- to sixfold increase in cell resistance to taxotere and taxol (two-sided Student's t test, p <0.05), with a concomitant reduction in the apoptotic response to taxol, but did not affect cell sensitivity to cisplatin or oxaliplatin. Such findings were indirectly supported by(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) are involved in a complex network which regulates a variety of cellular processes including proliferation, survival and death. The molecular characterization of the pathway has shown aberrant activation in several human tumors, due to the deregulation of receptor tyrosine kinases or to mutations of pathway(More)
The deregulation of oncogenic signaling pathways which provide survival advantages to tumor cells is mediated by multiple cellular networks. Among them, the PI3K-Akt-mTOR axis, in particular the serine/threonine kinase Akt, is recognized as a key player. The kinase is hyperactivated due to a variety of mechanisms including loss of PTEN, mutations in the(More)
The cellular response to the antitumor drug cisplatin is complex, and resistance is widespread. To gain insights into the global transcriptional response and mechanisms of resistance, we used microarrays to examine the fission yeast cell response to cisplatin. In two isogenic strains with differing drug sensitivity, cisplatin activated a stress response(More)
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are a large family of proteins implicated in physiological cellular functions. Selected components of the family play a well-recognized role in extruding conventional cytotoxic antitumor agents and molecularly targeted drugs from cells. Some lines of evidence also suggest links between transporters and tumor cell(More)
The plasma membrane enzyme gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) is regarded as critical for the maintenance of intracellular levels of glutathione (GSH). GGT expression has been implicated in drug resistance through elevation of intracellular GSH. The dependence of intracellular GSH on GGT expression was not conclusively ascertained. The present study was(More)
Drug resistance of tumor cells is recognized as the primary cause of failure of chemotherapeutic treatment of most human tumors. Although pharmacological factors including inadequate drug concentration at the tumor site can contribute to clinical resistance, cellular factors play a major role in chemoresistance of several tumors. Although manifestations of(More)