Learn More
Cultured endothelial cells from human umbilical cord labeled with [3H]20:4 release radiolabel when exposed to leukotrienes C or D (LTC or LTD). The major radiolabeled 20:4 metabolite recovered in the culture medium was prostacyclin. Both leukotrienes produced a dose-dependent synthesis of prostacyclin, with a maximal response at 10(-7) M leukotriene. LTC(More)
The significant morbidity and mortality associated with Plasmodium falciparum malaria results, in part, from the sequestration of parasitized erythrocytes in postcapillary venules, which may protect the parasite from splenic clearance and contribute to the pathogenesis of cerebral malaria. This sequestration has been linked to the expression of(More)
Cultured endothelial cells from human umbilical vein were labelled with [3H]arachidonic acid for 16 hr. The radiolabel was localized primarily in phospholipids (93%) and 73% was distributed equally between phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine. Leukotriene C (10-1,000 nM) promoted a dose-dependent release of radiolabel into the culture medium.(More)
Appropriate functioning of mitochondria is critical for survival and growth of erythrocytic stages of malarial parasites, making it an attractive target for antimalarial drugs which may take advantage of unique features of parasite mitochondrial metabolism. We have sequenced the presumptive mitochondrial DNA, the 6-kb element, of Plasmodium falciparum,(More)
Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes bind to venular endothelial cells by means of electron-dense deformations (knobs) on the parasitized erythrocyte surface. The primary structure of a parasite-derived histidine-rich protein associated with the knob structure was deduced from cDNA sequence analysis. The 634 amino acid sequence is rich in lysine and(More)
The human malaria parasite P. falciparum exhibits extensive strain-dependent chromosomal polymorphisms that have been implicated in the generation of antigenic variability in this organism. These polymorphisms can result in large deletions in chromosomes as determined by pulsed-field gradient gel electrophoresis. We have investigated the molecular basis for(More)
  • L G Pologe
  • 1994
In the human malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, a DNA rearrangement is associated with erroneous transcription of the early gametocyte antigen gene, Pfg27/25, and the failure of the blood stages to differentiate into gametocytes. Altered blood stage-specific patterns of mRNA accumulation were observed for the Pfg27/25 gene, in mutant P. falciparum(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) have been raised against Plasmodium falciparum gametocyte stage protein extracts, in an effort to identify novel parasite antigens that might mediate malaria transmission-blocking immunity. mAb 1A1 identified Pfs2400, a sexual stage-specific antigen of greater than 2 megadaltons, that is associated with the outer leaflet of the(More)
The human immunoglobulin IgGGAR has been shown to bind riboflavin both in vivo and in vitro with a high binding constant [Farhangi & Osserman (1976), New Engl. J. Med. 294, 177-183; Chang et al. (1981b), Biochemistry 20, 2916-2921; Chang et al. (1981a), Biochemistry 20, 2922-2926] and, therefore, represents a natural human antibody hapten complex. In this(More)
Ring-infected erythrocyte surface antigen-negative isolates of Plasmodium falciparum demonstrate a complex DNA rearrangement with inversion of 5' coding sequences, deletion of upstream and flanking sequences, and healing of the truncated chromosome by telomere addition. An inversion intermediate that results in the telomeric gene structure for RESA has been(More)