Laura G. Melton

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CONTEXT Acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. In experimental models of MI, erythropoietin reduces infarct size and improves left ventricular (LV) function. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a single intravenous bolus of epoetin alfa in patients with STEMI. DESIGN, SETTING,(More)
BACKGROUND Acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains a leading cause of death despite advances in pharmacologic and percutaneous therapies. Animal models of ischemia/reperfusion have demonstrated that single-dose erythropoietin may reduce infarct size, decrease apoptosis, and increase neovascularization, possibly through mobilization of endothelial(More)
BACKGROUND Inhibition of the P2Y12 ADP-receptor with oral antiplatelet agents given to patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with improved outcomes, but this strategy is limited by the time required for maximal antiplatelet effect after administration. We examined(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES We used a global screening device that operates under physiologic flow conditions to monitor the effects of ionic and nonionic contrast media (CM) on hemostasis. METHODS This flow dynamic technique perfuses unanticoagulated whole blood through a hollow fiber. A leak in the fiber is created by a precision needle, and the resulting(More)
Although heparin and some radiographic contrast agents inhibit coagulation, thrombi can still form in their presence. The chemical environment in which a thrombus forms affects fibrin structure that may alter the ability of the thrombus to be lysed. Therefore, we assessed changes in fibrin structure in 13 patients referred for coronary angiography. Blood(More)
Background Interest in the biology of endogenous progenitor cells (EPCs) continues to grow as evidence of their role in vascular repair mounts. EPC enumeration requires specialized laboratory techniques and is performed immediately after sample acquisition, limiting the clinical contexts in which EPC enumeration can be performed and the ability to increase(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) was hypothesized to mitigate reperfusion injury, in part via mobilization of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). The REVEAL trial found no reduction in infarct size with a single dose of EPO (60,000 U) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. In a substudy, we aimed to determine the feasibility of cryopreserving and(More)
Both heparin and contrast agents have anticoagulant effects which are well-documented but their effects on platelets are not well-characterized. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the sequential effects of heparin and then a contrast agent on platelet function during an angiographic procedure. Blood samples from 54 patients were obtained at(More)
The assembly of the tenase complex on the surface of the platelet is an essential step in maintaining normal hemostasis as evidenced by the serious hemorrhagic diathesis associated with either factor IX (FIX) or factor VIII deficiencies. Understanding the regions and or residues of FIX crucial for proper binding to platelets has important clinical(More)
Novel polyanionic proteins were designed to increase the rate of heparin cofactor II (HC) inhibition of alpha-thrombin, an essential protease in the coagulation cascade. Two alpha-helical coiled-coil proteins, a 62-residue dimer containing 8 Glu residues (E8C) and a 104-residue dimer containing 14 Glu residues (E14C), plus two 31-residue control peptides(More)