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BACKGROUND The diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is clinically unhelpful, as many patients with MCI develop dementia but many do not. OBJECTIVE To identify clinical instruments easily applicable in the clinical routine that might be useful to predict progression to dementia in patients with MCI assessed in the outpatient facility of a memory(More)
We have previously demonstrated that amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide is acutely toxic to retinal neurones in vivo and that this toxicity is mediated by an indirect mechanism. We have now extended these studies to look at the chronic effect of intravitreal injection of Abeta peptides on retinal ganglion cells (RGC), the projection neurones of the retina and the(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that mutations in the presenilin 1 (PS1) gene are responsible for most cases of familial Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although its biological functions are not yet fully understood, it appears that PS1 plays a role in the processing and trafficking of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). However, little is known about factors(More)
We have studied the neurotoxicity of amyloid-beta (Abeta) after a single unilateral intravitreal injection. Within the retina apoptotic cells were seen throughout the photoreceptor layer and the inner nuclear layer but not in the ganglion cell layer at 48 h after injection of Abeta(1-42) compared to vehicle control and control peptide. At 5 months, there(More)
The functional effects of G protein-linked glutamate receptor activation have been studied in mouse mesencephalic neurons in vitro. We have been able to identify two receptor classes, one linked to phosphoinositide hydrolysis and another that inhibits adenylate cyclase. The agonist (1S,3R)-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylate (ACPD) affected the two(More)
Presenilin-1 (PS-1) has been identified as the protein encoded by the chromosome 14 locus that, when mutated, leads to familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD). Using PS-1 transfected SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cells, we have demonstrated by immunodetection, using polyclonal antibodies, that PS-1 is processed to give two fragments: an N-terminal 28 kDa fragment, and a(More)
Presenilin 1 (PS1) is a multitransmembrane protein well known for being mutated in most cases of familial Alzheimer's disease. Although its pathological effect is clear, its biological functions are not yet fully understood, but it appears to be involved in development and apoptosis. To investigate the role of PS1 in developmental processes we have studied(More)
The effect of cGMP on metabotropic glutamate receptor-induced stimulation of phosphoinositide hydrolysis in mesencephalic neuronal cultures was evaluated by cell incubation with the stable analogue dibutyryl-cGMP (10 microM). A complete blockade of (1S,3R)-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid- or quisqualate-induced inositol phosphate formation was(More)
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