Laura Fouassier

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Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a heterogeneous group of malignancies with features of biliary tract differentiation. CCA is the second most common primary liver tumour and the incidence is increasing worldwide. CCA has high mortality owing to its aggressiveness, late diagnosis and refractory nature. In May 2015, the “European Network for the Study of(More)
Scaffold proteins form multiprotein complexes that are central to the regulation of intracellular signaling. The scaffold protein ezrin–radixin–moesin-binding phosphoprotein 50 (EBP50) is highly expressed at the plasma membrane of normal biliary epithelial cells and binds epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a tyrosine kinase receptor with oncogenic(More)
Shank proteins are a family of multidomain scaffolding proteins best known for their role in organizing the postsynaptic density region in neurons. Unlike Shank1 and Shank3, Shank2 [also known as Pro-SAP1 (proline-rich synapse-associated protein 1), CortBP1 (cortactin binding protein 1) or Spank-3] has been described as a truncated family member without an(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS A rat model of bile duct ischemia was established and used to examine the potential of bile duct proliferation to provide an adaptative response in cholestatic disorders. METHODS Rats underwent partial or complete arterial deprivation of the liver. Serum biochemical tests, histological analyses and bile secretion measurements were(More)
Ezrin-radixin-moesin (ERM)-binding phosphoprotein 50 (EBP50) is a versatile membrane-cytoskeleton linking protein that binds to the COOH-tail of specific integral membrane proteins through its two PDZ domains. These EBP50 binding interactions have been implicated in sequestering interactive sets of proteins into common microdomains, regulating the activity(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Bosentan, a dual endothelin ET(A/B) receptor antagonist, may cause dose-dependent reversible cholestatic liver injury. We herein tested whether bosentan or metabolites, both eliminated in bile, induce alterations in bile secretion. METHODS Bile flow and output of bile constituents were monitored in pentobarbital-anesthetized rats with(More)
The tumour microenvironment may contribute to tumorigenesis owing to mechanical forces such as fibrotic stiffness or mechanical pressure caused by the expansion of hyper-proliferative cells. Here we explore the contribution of the mechanical pressure exerted by tumour growth onto non-tumorous adjacent epithelium. In the early stage of mouse colon tumour(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a cellular process involved in cancer progression. The first step of EMT consists in the disruption of E-cadherin-mediated adherens junctions. Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a cancer with a poor prognosis due to local invasion and metastasis, displays EMT features. EGFR, a receptor tyrosine kinase,(More)
Ezrin-radixin-moesin-binding phosphoprotein 50 (EBP50) anchors and regulates apical membrane proteins in epithelia. EBP50 is inducible by estrogen and may affect cell proliferation, although this latter function remains unclear. The goal of this study was to determine whether EBP50 was implicated in the ductular reaction that occurs in liver disease. EBP50(More)
BACKGROUNDS & AIMS Under normal conditions, the biliary tract is a microbial-free environment. The absence of microorganisms has been attributed to various defense mechanisms that include the physicochemical and signaling actions of bile salts. Here, we hypothesized that bile salts may stimulate the expression of a major antimicrobial peptide, cathelicidin,(More)