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This study assessed the demographics, antimicrobial susceptibility, and molecular epidemiology of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) and health care-associated MRSA (HA-MRSA) in Canadian hospitals between 2007 and 2009. Among 3589 S. aureus, 889 (24.8%) were MRSA; 224 (25.2%) were CA-MRSA genotypes and 644 (72.4%)(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates and their bla(KPC) plasmids to determine potential relatedness of the isolates and their plasmids harbouring carbapenem resistance mechanisms. METHODS K. pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing K. pneumoniae from New York City (NYC) (n = 19) and Toronto (n = 2) were typed by PFGE and(More)
A total of 142 cefoxitin-resistant Escherichia coli isolates from water sources were collected across Canada. Multidrug resistance was observed in 65/142 (45.8%) isolates. The bla(CMY-2) gene was identified in 110/142 (77.5%) isolates. Sequencing of the chromosomal ampC promoter region showed mutations from the wild type, previously shown to hyperproduce(More)
A total of 244 CMY-2 plasmids from 5 separate studies involving Escherichia coli and Salmonella human clinical cases as well as E. coli from feedlots and water sources were examined. Genetically similar CMY-2 plasmids isolated from either E. coli or Salmonella from human, animal, and environmental sources are widely distributed across Canada and cluster(More)
OBJECTIVES An increasing prevalence since 2010 of Serratia marcescens harbouring the Ambler class A carbapenemase SME prompted us to further characterize these isolates. METHODS Isolates harbouring bla(SME) were identified by PCR and sequencing. Phenotypic analysis for carbapenemase activity was carried out by a modified Hodge test and a modified Carba NP(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the occurrence and molecular mechanisms associated with carbapenemases in carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative isolates from Canadian cases. METHODS Twenty hospital sites across Canada submitted isolates for a 1 year period starting 1 September 2009. All Enterobacteriaceae with MICs ≥ 2 mg/L and Acinetobacter baumannii and(More)
The dissemination of CMY-2 AmpC beta-lactamases among Escherichia coli in Canadian intensive care units occurs through a combination of clonal spread of virulent strains and the horizontal transfer of genetically similar IncI1, IncA/C, and IncK/B plasmids.
OBJECTIVES Resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins has increased in Salmonella worldwide, and is a concern in both hospital and community settings. The aim of this report was to investigate cefoxitin-resistant Salmonella isolates identified from human clinical cases across Canada. METHODS Cefoxitin-resistant isolates, defined as having an MIC > or(More)