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The combination of large-scale population genomic analyses and trait-based mapping approaches has the potential to provide novel insights into the evolutionary history and genome organization of crop plants. Here, we describe the detailed genotypic and phenotypic analysis of a sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) association mapping population that captures(More)
We have examined the hypothesis that diploid cells grown in vitro age, and propose that only proliferative potential and not life-span is telescoped. We suggest that explanted or transplanted diploid cells are driven to divide by the process of subculturing in vitro or in vivo and, in response to this pressure, also complete their differentiation and become(More)
The relationship between the cytoskeleton, stress fiber formation, and cell shape has been difficult to determine in fibroblasts grown in tissue culture. Vagaries in cell shape are complicated, as well, by stochastic cell movements. We dictated the attachment sites and shape of fibroblasts by growing them on square adhesive substrates surrounded by(More)
Crop wild relatives (CWR) are a rich source of genetic diversity for crop improvement. Combining ecogeographic and phylogenetic techniques can inform both conservation and breeding. Geographic occurrence, bioclimatic, and biophysical data were used to predict species distributions, range overlap and niche occupancy in 36 taxa closely related to sunflower(More)
Shoot branching is an important determinant of plant architecture and influences various aspects of growth and development. Selection on branching has also played an important role in the domestication of crop plants, including sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Here, we describe an investigation of the genetic basis of variation in branching in sunflower(More)
Delayed planting is recommended to reduce damage from sunflower insect pests in the United States, including the sunflower moth, Homoeosoma electellum (Hulst) and banded sunflower moth, Cochylis hospes Walsingham. However, in some locations, planting earlier or growing later-maturing hybrids could improve yield or oil content of sunflowers which would(More)
Progressive subcultivation of IMR-90 cells results in non-proliferative, heterogeneous cultures which may reflect aging of the diploid line (Hayflick, Exp. Cell Res., 37 (1965) 614). We have observed that late passage cells exhibit different rates of spreading and morphogenesis when compared to early passage groups, phenomena which we attribute to altered(More)
The cytoskeletons of early and late passage IMR-90 human diploid fibroblasts have been directly imaged in replicas of Triton X-100 extracted cells during spreading following reseeding. All cells from both young and sensescent cultures exhibit a cytoskeletal network of actin microfilaments, intermediate (10 nm) filaments, microtubules, and interconnecting(More)
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