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Pyrin responds to pathogen signals and loss of cellular homeostasis by forming an inflammasome complex that drives the cleavage and secretion of interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Mutations in the B30.2/SPRY domain cause pathogen-independent activation of pyrin and are responsible for the autoinflammatory disease familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). We studied a family(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated whether the measurement of serum phosphorylated neurofilament heavy chain (pNF-H) titre is likely to be a valid biomarker of axonal injury in multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS Serum pNF-H concentrations were measured by ELISA in cases with relapsing-remitting (RR)-MS (n=81), secondary progressive (SP) MS (n=13) and primary(More)
Membrane proteins (MPs) play diverse biologically important structural and functional roles including molecular transport, cell communication, and signal transduction. The dysfunctions of many are linked to deleterious human diseases and thus are of utmost importance in drug discovery. MPs comprise approximately 20-30% of all open reading frames (ORFs),(More)
Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory-mediated demyelinating disorder most prevalent in young Caucasian adults. The various clinical manifestations of the disease present several challenges in the clinic in terms of diagnosis, monitoring disease progression and response to treatment. Advances in MS-based proteomic technologies have revolutionized the field(More)
The detection of aberrant cells by natural killer (NK) cells is controlled by the integration of signals from activating and inhibitory ligands and from cytokines such as IL-15. We identified cytokine-inducible SH2-containing protein (CIS, encoded by Cish) as a critical negative regulator of IL-15 signaling in NK cells. Cish was rapidly induced in response(More)
Transmissible stages of Toxoplasma gondii store energy in the form of the carbohydrate amylopectin. Here, we show that the Ca(2+)-dependent protein kinase CDPK2 is a critical regulator of amylopectin metabolism. Increased synthesis and loss of degradation of amylopectin in CDPK2 deficient parasites results in the hyperaccumulation of this sugar polymer. A(More)
SOCS5 can negatively regulate both JAK/STAT and EGF-receptor pathways and has therefore been implicated in regulating both the immune response and tumorigenesis. Understanding the molecular basis for SOCS5 activity may reveal novel ways to target key components of these signaling pathways. The N-terminal region of SOCS5 coordinates critical protein(More)
Influenza virus infections have a significant impact on global human health. Individuals with suppressed immunity, or suffering from chronic inflammatory conditions such as COPD, are particularly susceptible to influenza. Here we show that suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) five has a pivotal role in restricting influenza A virus in the airway(More)
Cell death signalling pathways contribute to tissue homeostasis and provide innate protection from infection. Adaptor proteins such as receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 1 (RIPK1), receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 3 (RIPK3), TIR-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-β (TRIF) and Z-DNA-binding protein 1(More)