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Dextromethorphan (DM) has been used for more than 50years as an over-the-counter antitussive. Studies have revealed a complex pharmacology of DM with mechanisms beyond blockade of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors and inhibition of glutamate excitotoxicity, likely contributing to its pharmacological activity and clinical potential. DM is rapidly(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with ALS commonly exhibit pseudobulbar affect. METHODS The authors conducted a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled, parallel, three-arm study to test a defined combination of dextromethorphan hydrobromide (DM) and quinidine sulfate (Q) (AVP-923) for the treatment of pseudobulbar affect in ALS. Q inhibits the rapid(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of DM/Q (capsules containing dextromethorphan [DM] and quinidine [Q]) compared with placebo, taken twice daily, for the treatment of pseudobulbar affect over a 12-week period in multiple sclerosis patients. METHODS A total of 150 patients were randomized in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study to assess(More)
Dextromethorphan (DM) pharmacological properties predict that the widely used cough suppressant could be used to treat several neuronal disorders, but it is rapidly metabolized after oral dosing. To find out whether quinidine (Q), a CYP2D6 inhibitor, could elevate and prolong DM plasma profiles, 2 multiple-dose studies identified the lowest oral dose of Q(More)
Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) is an affective disinhibition syndrome associated with various neuropathologies, which is characterized by involuntary and inappropriate outbursts of laughter and/or crying. The PBA syndrome can be socially and occupationally disabling, and it is largely unrecognized in clinical settings. Validated instruments to distinguish PBA(More)
Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) or pathological laughing and crying (PLC) is a disorder of affect that occurs in about 10% of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The objective of this study was to validate the CNS Emotional Lability Scale (CNS-LS) in MS patients and to correlate the results with the frequency and intensity of episodes of PLC. Physicians at seven(More)
The 22-carbon fatty alcohol, n-docosanol, exhibits in vitro antiviral activity against several lipid-enveloped viruses including herpes simplex viruses 1 and 2 by a mechanism that interferes with normal viral entry into target cells. We previously reported that mammalian cells incorporate significant quantities of radiolabeled n-docosanol. Herein, we report(More)
This article reports that 1-docosanol, a 22-carbon-long saturated alcohol, exerts a substantial inhibitory effect on replication of certain viruses (e.g., herpes simplex virus and respiratory syncytial virus) within primary target cells in vitro. To study the basis for its viral inhibitory activity, a suspension of 1-docosanol was formulated in an inert and(More)