Laura E. Pope

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Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) or pathological laughing and crying (PLC) is a disorder of affect that occurs in about 10% of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The objective of this study was to validate the CNS Emotional Lability Scale (CNS-LS) in MS patients and to correlate the results with the frequency and intensity of episodes of PLC. Physicians at seven(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with ALS commonly exhibit pseudobulbar affect. METHODS The authors conducted a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled, parallel, three-arm study to test a defined combination of dextromethorphan hydrobromide (DM) and quinidine sulfate (Q) (AVP-923) for the treatment of pseudobulbar affect in ALS. Q inhibits the rapid(More)
Dextromethorphan (DM) pharmacological properties predict that the widely used cough suppressant could be used to treat several neuronal disorders, but it is rapidly metabolized after oral dosing. To find out whether quinidine (Q), a CYP2D6 inhibitor, could elevate and prolong DM plasma profiles, 2 multiple-dose studies identified the lowest oral dose of Q(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of DM/Q (capsules containing dextromethorphan [DM] and quinidine [Q]) compared with placebo, taken twice daily, for the treatment of pseudobulbar affect over a 12-week period in multiple sclerosis patients. METHODS A total of 150 patients were randomized in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study to assess(More)
The artificial DNase activity of the 1,10-phenanthroline-cuprous ion complex [(OP)2Cu+] and H2O2 cleaves the A, B, and Z forms of DNA at different rates. The B structure, formed by most DNAs including poly(dA-dT) and poly(dA) X poly(dT), is the most susceptible to cleavage. It is completely degraded within 1 min by 40 microM 1,10-phenanthroline/4 microM(More)
Dextromethorphan (DM) has been used for more than 50years as an over-the-counter antitussive. Studies have revealed a complex pharmacology of DM with mechanisms beyond blockade of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors and inhibition of glutamate excitotoxicity, likely contributing to its pharmacological activity and clinical potential. DM is rapidly(More)
Pseudobulbar affect (PBA) is an affective disinhibition syndrome associated with various neuropathologies, which is characterized by involuntary and inappropriate outbursts of laughter and/or crying. The PBA syndrome can be socially and occupationally disabling, and it is largely unrecognized in clinical settings. Validated instruments to distinguish PBA(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The novel combination of dextromethorphan (DM) and quinidine (Q) [DMQ] has been extensively studied in well controlled clinical trials as treatment for pseudobulbar affect (PBA), and is the first US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved treatment for this indication. The approved dosage of DMQ is DM 20 mg and Q 10 mg twice(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Dextromethorphan/quinidine (DMQ) is the first agent indicated for the treatment of pseudobulbar affect. Dextromethorphan, the active ingredient, is a low-affinity, uncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist. This study evaluated the potential for a drug-drug interaction (DDI) of DMQ with memantine, which is also(More)