Laura E. Phelps

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Fibrates are commonly employed to treat abnormal lipid metabolism via their unique ability to stimulate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha). Interestingly, they also decrease systemic arterial pressure, despite recent evidence that PPAR alpha may contribute to expression of renin and related hypertension. Yet, mechanisms responsible(More)
Troglitazone and other thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are thought to relax arterial smooth muscle by directly inhibiting calcium channels in smooth muscle cell membranes. However, until recently such inhibition was only examined acutely, ie, within only seconds or minutes after administration of these agents to arterial smooth muscle preparations. Recently, a(More)
Humans with depression show impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation; one recent demonstration of which was in the form of a reduced acetylcholine (ACh)-induced relaxation of adrenergically-precontracted small arteries biopsied from older depressed patients. Results from such uses of ACh in general have been validated as the most predictive marker of(More)
Type 2 diabetic men commonly experience erectile dysfunction for which phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitors like sildenafil (Viagra) are often recommended. By preventing degradation of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) in vascular smooth muscle, these inhibitors also enhance arterial vasorelaxant effects of nitric oxide donors (which stimulate cGMP(More)
Our aims were to determine 1) if resveratrol's vasorelaxant action is greater in the distal (resistance) versus proximal (conductance) portion of the rat tail artery, and 2) if it can be blocked by agents known to block different potassium (K) channels in arterial smooth muscle. We found that its half-maximally effective concentration values were(More)
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