Laura E. McLeod

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We have examined the effects of widely used stress-inducing agents on protein synthesis and on regulatory components of the translational machinery. The three stresses chosen, arsenite, hydrogen peroxide and sorbitol, exert their effects in quite different ways. Nonetheless, all three rapidly ( approximately 30 min) caused a profound inhibition of protein(More)
The hypertrophic Gq-protein-coupled receptor agonist PE (phenylephrine) activates protein synthesis. We showed previously that activation of protein synthesis by PE requires MEK [MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase)/ERK (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase) kinase] and mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin). However, it remained unclear whether ERK(More)
Translation elongation consumes a high proportion of cellular energy and can be regulated by phosphorylation of elongation factor eEF2 which inhibits its activity. We have studied the effects of ATP depletion on the phosphorylation of eEF2 in adult rat ventricular cardiomyocytes. Energy depletion rapidly leads to inhibition of protein synthesis and(More)
The beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol increased the phosphorylation of elongation factor eEF2 in ventricular cardiomyocytes from adult rats (ARVC). Phosphorylation of eEF2 inhibits its activity, and protein synthesis was inhibited in ARVC concomitantly with increased eEF2 phosphorylation. eEF2 kinase activity in ARVC extracts was completely dependent(More)
Between 41 and 94% of the radioactivity of 24 preparations of I(131) supplied without cysteine preservative was non-iodide on chromatographic analysis. Extraneous radio-activity was essentially absent from I(131) supplied with cysteine. It was converted to iodide-I(131) by 10(-3) M cysteine or iodide but not by incubation at pH 2. The average thyroid uptake(More)