Laura E. Iavarone

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AIMS To investigate whether saliva is a useful alternative to plasma for routine monitoring of nicotine and evaluate the predictive performances of saliva and plasma concentration on craving estimated by a Tiffany Questionnaire on Smoking Urge-Brief Form. METHODS Thirteen healthy smokers were enrolled in a randomized, two period, crossover trial. Linear(More)
Selective dopamine D(3) receptor (D(3)R) antagonists prevent reinstatement of drug-seeking behavior and decrease the rewarding effects of contextual cues associated with drug intake preclinically, suggesting that they may reduce drug craving in humans. GSK598809 is a selective D(3)R antagonist recently progressed in Phase I trials. The aim of this study was(More)
The selection of a therapeutically meaningful dose of a novel pharmaceutical is a crucial step in drug development. Positron emission tomography (PET) allows the in vivo estimation of the relationship between the plasma concentration of a drug and its target occupancy, optimizing dose selection and reducing the time and cost of early development. Triple(More)
The utility of interspecies scaling in early drug development has been extensively debated. The authors discuss the dose selection strategy for a first time into man (FTIM) study for GV196771, a new glycine antagonist, using techniques of interspecies scaling. The FTIM dose selection strategy was based on predicted plasma profiles of GV196771 in humans(More)
Purpose. A population pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model accounting for placebo effect was used to relate nicotine concentration and enforced smoking cessation craving score measured by the Tiffany rating scale short form. Methods. Twenty-four smokers were enrolled in a placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind, three periods, crossover trial. The(More)
The effect of repeat oral doses of ritonavir, at high (600 mg twice daily) and low (100 mg twice daily) doses, on the pharmacokinetics of a single dose of bupropion was evaluated in healthy volunteers. Subjects received a single dose of 150 mg of bupropion on day 1 and twice-daily ritonavir from day 8 through day 30. Ritonavir was up-titrated from 300 mg(More)
The aim of the present study was to characterize the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic relationship of GV143253A, a novel trinem anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) agent active against gram-positive cocci, including multidrug-resistant clinical isolates. An in vitro pharmacodynamic study with methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) and(More)
A population pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis was performed on plasma concentrations of GW468816 observed in dogs after 10, 25, and 50 mg/kg/day repeated intravenous administration. A two-compartment model was fitted to the concentration-time data using the NONMEM program. Dose and time dependency of PK parameters was investigated. Selection of the best model(More)
GSK598809 is a novel selective dopamine D(3) receptor antagonist, currently in development for the treatment of substance abuse and addiction. In a blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled study, effects of single oral doses of 175 mg GSK598809 were evaluated in healthy volunteers. Pharmacokinetics, central nervous system (CNS) effects and potential for(More)
BACKGROUND The emergence of genetic data linking Nav1.7 sodium channel over- and under- expression to human pain signalling has led to an interest in the treatment of chronic pain through inhibition of Nav1.7 channels. OBJECTIVE We describe the pharmacokinetic (PK) results of a clinical microdose study performed with four potent and selective Nav1.7(More)