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OBJECTIVE This article discusses theoretical, psychometric, and practical considerations of quality of life assessment in older adults with cognitive impairment. It describes a new measure of quality of life in dementia, the QOL-AD, and examines the reliability and validity of patient and caregiver reports of patient quality of life. METHODS Subjects were(More)
We sought to develop and evaluate a composite memory score from the neuropsychological battery used in the Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI). We used modern psychometric approaches to analyze longitudinal Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT, 2 versions), AD Assessment Schedule - Cognition (ADAS-Cog, 3 versions), Mini-Mental State(More)
The purpose of this paper was to present population-based data showing the effects of age on cognitive test performance in a sample of older Japanese American adults. In addition, the relative effects of education, gender, and primary spoken language were compared to effects that have been reported in the literature for majority culture older adults.(More)
Previous investigators have suggested the existence of distinct cognitive phenotypes of Alzheimer’s disease (AD): a dysexecutive subgroup with executive functioning worse than memory and an amnesic subgroup with memory worse than executive functioning. We evaluated data from the AD Neuroimaging Initiative. We assigned people with AD to dysexecutive and(More)
Although the etiology of most degenerative changes in the lumbar spine is unclear, genetic factors may play an important role. To investigate this link, we reviewed magnetic resonance images of the lumbar spines of identical twins to assess the degree of similarities in degenerative findings in the discs. Observers who were blinded to twinship evaluated(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous research has shown high prevalence rates of depression in multiple sclerosis patients seen in specialty clinics. The relationships among depressive symptoms and severity, duration, and course of multiple sclerosis are controversial. METHOD A survey was mailed to members of the Multiple Sclerosis Association of King County (Wash.). Of(More)
This study examined the frequency, predictors, and impact of sleep problems in a population-based sample of 205 Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Sleeping more than usual and early morning awakenings were the most common sleep problems reported but were the least disturbing behaviors for caregivers. Night-time awakenings were less common but were most(More)
The Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) measures abilities broadly related to executive function (EF), including WAIS-R Digit Symbol Substitution, Digit Span Backwards, Trails A and B, Category Fluency, and Clock Drawing. This study investigates whether a composite executive function measure based on these multiple indicators has better(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relation of age-related auditory processing dysfunction and executive functioning. BACKGROUND Central auditory dysfunction is common in Alzheimer dementia, but the mechanism is not established. METHOD A total of 313 volunteers from the Adult Changes in Thought surveillance cohort with adequate peripheral hearing were included(More)
Engagement in cognitively stimulating activities has been considered to maintain or strengthen cognitive skills, thereby minimizing age-related cognitive decline. While the idea that there may be a modifiable behavior that could lower risk for cognitive decline is appealing and potentially empowering for older adults, research findings have not consistently(More)