Laura Digilio

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A prospective study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and tolerance of alpha-interferon in 20 children with biopsy-proven HBsAg/HBeAg/HBV-DNA-positive, anti-delta-negative chronic hepatitis. Patients were randomized to receive alpha 2a-interferon (INF), 3 MU im three times weekly for 12 months, or no treatment (10 patients per group). Five patients(More)
BACKGROUND A quadrivalent measles, mumps, rubella and varicella vaccine would facilitate universal immunization against all 4 diseases, improve compliance and immunization rates and decrease the number of injections given to children and visits to physicians' offices. OBJECTIVES To evaluate 1- and 2-dose regimens of a combined measles, mumps, rubella and(More)
BACKGROUND A study was conducted to assess administration of a combination measles, mumps, rubella and varicella vaccine (MMRV) with other childhood vaccines. METHODS In this open, multicenter trial, 1915 healthy children ages 12-15 months were randomized into 3 groups: group 1, MMRV, combined Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate-hepatitis B vaccines(More)
Studies on safety, immunogenicity and efficacy of the killed, bivalent whole cell oral cholera vaccine (Shanchol) have been conducted in historically endemic settings of Asia. Recent cholera vaccination campaigns in Haiti and Guinea have also demonstrated favourable immunogenicity and effectiveness in nonendemic outbreak settings. We performed a secondary(More)
Cytomegalovirus has been suggested as a co-factor of disease progression in patients with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. Cytomegalovirus infection is highly prevalent among populations at risk of human immunodeficiency virus 1 infection, and has been associated with both an increased susceptibility to infection and a more rapid course of the(More)
INTRODUCTION Vaccinating a buffer of individuals around a case (ring vaccination) has the potential to target those who are at highest risk of infection, reducing the number of doses needed to control a disease. We explored the potential vaccine effectiveness (VE) of oral cholera vaccines (OCVs) for such a strategy. METHODS AND FINDINGS This analysis uses(More)
The effects of IFN treatment were retrospectively evaluated for 18 drug-addict patients with symptomatic HIV infection and chronic hepatitis C. Most of the patients were receiving concomitant treatment with zidovudine. Seven out of the 18 patients (39%) stopped IFN after less than three months, most of them for non-compliance. Among the 11 patients who(More)
Improving water and sanitation is the preferred choice for cholera control in the long-term. Nevertheless, vaccination is an available tool that has been shown to be a cost-effective option for cholera prevention in endemic countries or during outbreaks. In 2011 the first low-cost oral cholera vaccine for international use was given prequalification by the(More)
The relationship between the behavior of hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication markers and the response to treatment with recombinant alpha-2b interferon (IFN) was investigated in 11 patients with chronic hepatitis. At the end of 6 months of treatment, 4 patients showed a complete response to IFN: 2 more patients had seroconversion to HBeAb after 8 and 9(More)
A six-month analysis of a controlled trial on the treatment of chronic hepatitis B in children shows that prednisone priming followed by alpha-interferon 2A was effective in 6 of 9 treated patients in reducing HBV replication and disease activity.