Laura De Nardo

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Microdosimetry with tissue-equivalent proportional counters (TEPC) has proven to be an ideal dosimetry technique for mixed radiation fields as those ones used in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT). A new counter, composed of two twin cylindrical mini TEPCs inserted in a slim titanium sleeve of 2.7 mm external diameter, has been constructed. The detector(More)
Ionisation cluster-size distributions in nanometric volumes of liquid water were determined for alpha particles at 4.6 and 5.4 MeV by measuring cluster-size frequencies in small gaseous volumes of nitrogen or propane at low gas pressure as well as by applying a suitable scaling procedure. This scaling procedure was based on the mean free ionisation lengths(More)
The probability of the formation of ionization clusters by primary alpha-particles at 5.4 MeV in nanometric volumes of propane was studied experimentally and by Monte Carlo simulation, as a function of the distance between the center line of the particle beam and the center of the target volume. The volumes were of cylindrical shape, 3.7 mm in diameter and(More)
A thermal column is available for dosimetric and radiobiological studies by the fast reactor TAPIRO, located at the ENEA research centre Casaccia. The TAPIRO neutron field has been studied (in the frame of LNL BNCT project) with a tissue-equivalent proportional counter, which has worked alternatively with an ordinary tissue-equivalent cathode and with a(More)
A mini-tissue-equivalent proportional-counter (TEPC) has been constructed to study the possibility to manufacture mini-counters without field-shaping tubes for radiation therapy. The mini-TEPC can be assembled with and without field-shaping tubes. It can be equipped with a mini-alpha source for a precise lineal energy calibration. After the positive(More)
Proton beams (62 Mev) are used by the Laboratori Nazionali del Sud of the Italian Institute of Nuclear Physics to treat eye melanoma tumours at the therapeutic facility called CATANA. A cylindrical slim tissue-equivalent proportional counter (TEPC) of 2.7 mm external diameter has been used to compare the radiation quality of two spread-out Bragg peaks(More)
The BNCT radiation field is complex because different beam components are mixed, each one having different relative biological effectiveness (RBE). Microdosimetry with tissue-equivalent proportional counters (TEPC) has proven to be an ideal dosimetric technique for mixed radiation fields, because it is able both to measure the absorbed dose and to assess(More)
The synthesis of a Zn(ii)-phthalocyanine derivative bearing four 10B-enriched o-carboranyl units (10B-ZnB4Pc) and its natural isotopic abundance analogue (ZnB4Pc) in the peripheral positions of the tetraazaisoindole macrocycle is presented. The photophysical properties of ZnB4Pc, as tested against model biological systems, were found to be similar with(More)
Double-spin asymmetries of semiinclusive cross sections for the production of identified pions and kaons have been measured in deep inelastic scattering of polarized positrons on a polarized deuterium target. Five helicity distributions including those for three sea quark flavors were extracted from these data together with reanalyzed previous data for(More)
A new type of mini multi-element tissue-equivalent proportional counter (TEPC) based on a gas electron multiplier (GEM) has been designed and constructed. This counter is in particular suitable to be constructed with a small sensitive volume so that it can be used for microdosimetry in intense pulsed radiation fields to measure the microdosimetric spectrum(More)