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ATP-dependent proteases are processive, meaning that they degrade full-length proteins into small peptide products without releasing large intermediates along the reaction pathway. In the case of the bacterial ATP-dependent protease ClpAP, ATP hydrolysis by the ClpA component has been proposed to be required for processive proteolysis of full-length protein(More)
Energy-dependent protein degradation machines, such as the Escherichia coli protease ClpAP, require regulated interactions between the ATPase component (ClpA) and the protease component (ClpP) for function. Recent studies indicate that the ClpP N-terminus is essential in these interactions, yet the dynamics of this region remain unclear. Here, we use(More)
Proteolytically activated Protective Antigen (PA) moiety of anthrax toxin self-associates to form a heptameric ring-shaped oligomer (the prepore). Acidic pH within the endosome converts the prepore to a pore that serves as a passageway for the toxin's enzymatic moieties to cross the endosomal membrane. Prepore is stable in solution under mildly basic(More)
Synchrotron X-ray protein footprinting is used to study structural changes upon formation of the ClpA hexamer. Comparative solvent accessibilities between ClpA monomer and ClpA hexamer samples are in agreement throughout most of the sequence, with calculations based on two previously proposed hexameric models. The data differ substantially from the proposed(More)
Bacillus anthracis lethal toxin consists of the protective antigen (PA) and the metalloprotease lethal factor (LF). During cellular uptake PA forms pores in membranes of endosomes, and unfolded LF translocates through the pores into the cytosol. We have investigated whether host cell chaperones facilitate translocation of LF and the fusion protein LF(N)DTA.(More)
Assessment of the purity of chromatographic peaks is an important step in developing and validating purification procedures for complex mixtures. While curve-fitting techniques can be useful for determining the retention times and relative concentrations of the components of a chromatographic peak, their utility is limited by the lack of unambiguous(More)
We report a case of accelerated acute rejection of a renal allograft from a presumed ABO histo-blood group A2 donor in an O recipient, in which all of the published criteria for compatibility had been met. Flow cytometric analysis of the A and H antigen expression on the kidney donor's erythrocytes suggested that this donor did not have an A2 phenotype, but(More)
Alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (α1 -AGP) is an important blood plasma glycoprotein. Following an acute-phase reaction such as stress, inflammation, burn, or infection, the bloodstream concentration of α1 -AGP can increase up to 400 % of its normal concentration. A wide range of drugs is known to bind α1 -AGP. Increased binding of pharmacologically active(More)
Techniques for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery have evolved from the traditional open procedures to arthroscopically assisted procedures. The rationale for arthroscopically assisted ACL reconstruction includes small incisions, no disruption of the extensor mechanism, shorter hospitalizations, reduced postoperative pain, and faster rehabilitation. A(More)
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