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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cognitive deficits may significantly worsen the quality of life after stroke. Our aim was to determine the frequency of dementia in a consecutive series of previously nondemented patients between the ages of 40 and 79 years at 3 months after a first ischemic stroke. METHODS All patients admitted to our department during an 18-month(More)
OBJECTIVE We have investigated recurrence of stroke in a consecutive series of young adults, aged 16 to 45 years, after a first cerebral infarction. METHODS From January 1, 1988 to December 31, 1996 we submitted those patients to a diagnostic protocol including angiographic, cardiological, and haematological investigations. The patients were followed at 6(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We sought to detect prognostic factors related to functional outcome during the first 6 hours after a first-ever stroke in the carotid artery territory. METHODS All patients with these characteristics seen during a 3-year period were included. Outcome was evaluated according to a modified Rankin scale. The following variables were(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the presence of microembolic signals (MES) in the middle cerebral artery distal to a stented carotid artery late after stent deployment. MES may be a signal of thrombus formation at the stent level. PATIENTS AND METHODS Two patient groups were studied with transcranial Doppler at different intervals after deployment of Palmaz stents(More)
The binding affinity of 17β-estradiol with an immobilized DNA aptamer was measured using capillary electrophoresis. Estradiol captured by the immobilized DNA was injected into the separation capillary using pH-mediated sample stacking. Stacked 17β-estradiol was then separated using micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography and detected with(More)
Out of a consecutive series of 50 young people less than 45 years old with nonhemorrhagic arterial stroke, three patients had inherited protein C deficiency. CT revealed hypodense areas consistent with the clinical picture, and angiography showed occlusion of some intracranial arterial vessels. Other possible associated causes of stroke were ruled out. One(More)
INTRODUCTION We have undertaken a prospective study to measure anticardiolipin antibodies of IgG isotype within the first few hours of an acute non-hemorrhagic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS We have collected blood samples at entry from one hundred patients (53 men and 47 women), mean age 67.4 years, referred within 6 h of a first-ever non-hemorrhagic(More)
UNLABELLED We have investigated the reliability of transcranial doppler compared with cerebral angiography in acute ischemic stroke in the middle cerebral artery territories. We studied 48 patients, 28 men and 21 women, mean age 68.1 (range 54-75), observed within 5 h of the onset of ischemic stroke in the middle cerebral artery territory. Ultrasound(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess if Doppler microembolic signals (MES) associated with > or = 60% symptomatic extracranial carotid stenosis may predict ischemic recurrences before endarterectomy or angioplasty. METHODS All patients with > or = 60% carotid stenosis with symptoms in the preceding 2 months were prospectively considered. MES were identified using current(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the direct costs of hospital care of acute ischemic stroke in a large Italian hospital, and to identify the main components of such costs. BACKGROUND Cost containment in stroke care requires an up-to-date assessment of expenditures in the different areas of stroke management. However, costs may vary among countries because of(More)