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The important intracellular oxygen-binding protein, myoglobin (Mb), is thought to be absent from oxidative muscle tissues of the family of hemoglobinless Antarctic icefishes, Channichthyidae. Within this family of fishes, which is endemic to the Southern Ocean surrounding Antarctica, there exist 15 known species and 11 genera. To date, we have examined(More)
We determined the myoglobin cDNA sequence for seven Antarctic notothenioid fish species. These data identify mutations in the myoglobin gene for Champsocephalus gunnari and Pagetopsis macropterus, two icefish species that lack detectable quantities of the polypeptide but express myoglobin mRNA. a third species lacking myoglobin polypeptide, Chaenocephalus(More)
GH3 rat anterior pituitary cells possess a Na+/Ca2+ exchange transport mechanism which is present in purified plasma membrane vesicles prepared from these cells. Imposition of an outwardly directed Na+ gradient in vesicles results in a marked concentrative uptake of Ca2+ which is abolished by the Ca2+ ionophore A23187. Transport activity depends on a(More)
This report provides the first evidence for the existence of two distinct types of fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) in cardiac tissue of vertebrates. Four species of Antarctic teleost fish (Chaenocephalus aceratus, Cryodraco antarcticus, Gobionotothen gibberifrons and Notothenia coriiceps) exhibited two FABP mRNAs of 1. 0 kb and 0.8 kb, which we have(More)
Since its cloning in 1995, missense point mutations in presenilin I (PS-I) have been shown to be responsible for greater than 70% of the cases of early onset familial Alzheimer's disease (EOFAD), which can affect individuals as early as age 18. PS-I is known to be a component of gamma-secretase, the enzyme responsible for cleavage of the amyloid precursor(More)