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Oxidative stress is a condition in which oxidant metabolites exert toxic effects because of their increased production or an altered cellular mechanism of protection. The heart needs oxygen but it is also susceptible to oxidative stress, which occurs during post-ischaemic reperfusion, for example. Ischaemia causes alterations in the defence mechanisms(More)
BACKGROUND Urocortin is a novel cardioprotective agent that can protect cardiac myocytes from the damaging effects of ischemia/reperfusion both in culture and in the intact heart and is effective when given at reperfusion. METHODS AND RESULTS We have analyzed global changes in gene expression in cardiac myocytes after urocortin treatment using gene chip(More)
BACKGROUND Apoptosis contributes to cell loss after ischemia/reperfusion injury in the heart. This study describes the time course and level of apoptosis in different cell types in the intact heart during ischemia/reperfusion injury. METHODS AND RESULTS Isolated Langendorff-perfused rat hearts were subjected to perfusion alone (control) or to 35 minutes(More)
BACKGROUND Cytokine activation and endothelial dysfunction are typical phenomena of congestive heart failure (CHF). We tested the hypothesis that incubating human umbilical vein endothelial cells with serum from patients with CHF will downregulate endothelial constitutive nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and induce apoptosis. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 21(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors exert some cardiovascular benefits by improving endothelial function. We evaluated the effects of chronic treatment with quinapril (Q) on the l -arginine/nitric oxide (NO) pathway in normotensive rats under baseline and inflammatory conditions. The role of bradykinin was also investigated. The animals received(More)
Despite originally identified in neurones, the neuronal type of nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is present also in cardiac and skeletal myocytes. Whether nNOS is functionally expressed in human endothelial cells--as the endothelial enzyme (eNOS)--is unknown. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were studied under control culture conditions and after(More)
In order to elucidate the relationship between hypertension and hypertrophy in the production of heat shock proteins, we studied the induction of the HSP72 synthesis by the heart and gracilis muscles of normo (WKY) and hypertensive (SHR) rats subjected to hyperthermia (42°C±0.5 for 15 min). Two age groups were investigated in each strain: young (2 months,(More)
The endothelium controls vascular smooth muscle tone by secreting substances that cause relaxation and contraction. Under physiological, basal conditions the endothelium constantly releases nitric oxide, a process closely regulated by the effect of shear stress on endothelial cells. Recent data raise the possibility that, among many other substances,(More)
We evaluated the feasibility of a home-based rehabilitation programme, which was designed to resemble an in-hospital rehabilitation programme. Patients who underwent cardiac surgery (EuroSCORE 0-10) followed a one-month home rehabilitation programme supervised by a nurse-tutor and a physiotherapist. Physiotherapy was performed at home with calisthenic(More)
We determined the temperature-induced synthesis of the 72-kD heat-shock protein (hsp72) in hearts of normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) subjected to whole-body hyperthermia (42.0 +/- 0.5 degrees C for 15 minutes). The animals were studied at three different ages: young (2 months), adult (6 months), and old (18 months). The hsp72 was(More)