Learn More
Oxidative stress is a condition in which oxidant metabolites exert toxic effects because of their increased production or an altered cellular mechanism of protection. The heart needs oxygen but it is also susceptible to oxidative stress, which occurs during post-ischaemic reperfusion, for example. Ischaemia causes alterations in the defence mechanisms(More)
BACKGROUND Urocortin is a novel cardioprotective agent that can protect cardiac myocytes from the damaging effects of ischemia/reperfusion both in culture and in the intact heart and is effective when given at reperfusion. METHODS AND RESULTS We have analyzed global changes in gene expression in cardiac myocytes after urocortin treatment using gene chip(More)
Despite originally identified in neurones, the neuronal type of nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is present also in cardiac and skeletal myocytes. Whether nNOS is functionally expressed in human endothelial cells--as the endothelial enzyme (eNOS)--is unknown. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were studied under control culture conditions and after(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors exert some cardiovascular benefits by improving endothelial function. We evaluated the effects of chronic treatment with quinapril (Q) on the l -arginine/nitric oxide (NO) pathway in normotensive rats under baseline and inflammatory conditions. The role of bradykinin was also investigated. The animals received(More)
BACKGROUND Apoptosis contributes to cell loss after ischemia/reperfusion injury in the heart. This study describes the time course and level of apoptosis in different cell types in the intact heart during ischemia/reperfusion injury. METHODS AND RESULTS Isolated Langendorff-perfused rat hearts were subjected to perfusion alone (control) or to 35 minutes(More)
Objective. - Arginase is a nitric oxide synthase-alternative pathway for l-arginine breakdown leading to biosynthesis of urea and l-ornithine. Arginase pathway is inducible by inflammatory molecules-such as cytokines and bacterial endotoxin-in macrophages and smooth muscle cells. The presence of an arginase pathway in human endothelial cells and its(More)
Apoptosis contributes, with necrosis, to the cardiac cell loss after ischemia/reperfusion injury. The apoptotic cascade is initiated either by mitochondrial damage and activation of caspase-9 or by death receptor ligation and activation of caspase-8. In the present study, performed in the isolated rat heart exposed either to ischemia alone or ischemia(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluates the hemodynamic, bioenergetic and cytoprotective effects of urocortin (Ucn) in the isolated rat heart exposed to ischemia (I)/reperfusion (R). BACKGROUND We have previously demonstrated that administration of exogenous Ucn reduces infarct size in ischemic-reperfused rat hearts. METHODS Urocortin 10(-8)M was added to the(More)
BACKGROUND Cytokine activation and endothelial dysfunction are typical phenomena of congestive heart failure (CHF). We tested the hypothesis that incubating human umbilical vein endothelial cells with serum from patients with CHF will downregulate endothelial constitutive nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and induce apoptosis. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 21(More)
The properties of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors have largely been attributed to a class effect. However, this opinion is now increasingly challenged in view of the findings from recent clinical trials, which have demonstrated differential effects of ACE inhibitors, in particular with respect to secondary cardiovascular prevention(More)