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INTRODUCTION Gas6 enhances survival of Schwann cells and neurons in vitro and participates in autoimmunity in animal models. Since its concentration in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is unknown, we measured it in samples from patients with non-inflammatory/non-autoimmune neurological diseases (NINAD) and autoimmune polyneuropathies. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
Ictal alterations of the level of general awareness and subjective content of consciousness play a pivotal role in the clinical phenomenology of epilepsy, and reflect the pathological involvement of different neurobiological substrates. However, no self-reported measures have been proposed for patients experiencing altered conscious states during seizures.(More)
BACKGROUND Growth arrest specific gene 6 (Gas6) protein enhances survival of oligodendrocytes and neurons, and it is involved in autoimmunity. Therefore, we aimed to verify whether cerebrospinal-fluid (CSF) Gas6 concentration may represent a biomarker of disease activity in multiple sclerosis. METHODS Sixty-five patients who underwent a spinal tap during(More)
PURPOSE Although several studies pointed out an association between depression and quality of life (QoL) of patients with epilepsy, data about manic/hypomanic symptoms (MHS) remain scanty. In this study, we sought to investigate their relationship with social and health-related QoL measures in patients with epilepsy. METHODS Consecutive adult outpatients(More)
PURPOSE The issue of phenomenology of mood disorders in epilepsy still remains controversial. It has been suggested that a subgroup of patients may develop an affective syndrome also known as interictal dysphoric disorder (IDD). However, the number of behavioral changes that may occur around the ictus needs to be taken into account for an accurate(More)
PURPOSE Different authors suggested the occurrence of a pleomorphic affective syndrome in patients with epilepsy named interictal dysphoric disorder (IDD). We sought to investigate whether IDD occurs only in patients with epilepsy and to validate IDD features against DSM-IV criteria. METHODS Consecutive patients with a diagnosis of epilepsy (E) or(More)
BACKGROUND Patient involvement in decisions regarding their care has been advocated, but preferences have not been adequately canvassed, particularly in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVES To cross-culturally adapt and validate the Italian version of the Control Preference Scale (CPS) subsequently used to assess preferences of people with MS.(More)
We evaluated the prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and we investigated the hypothesis that obsessionality may represent a trait in TLE. Eighty-two consecutive patients with epilepsy, 62 with TLE and 20 with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE), and 82 matched healthy controls were evaluated(More)
OBJECTIVE To prospectively evaluate predictors of incomplete recovery after the first attacks in a cohort of patients with clinically isolated syndrome or relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. METHODS Seventy-two consecutive patients recruited from January 2001 to December 2003, evaluated every six months or at any relapse up to 31 July 2005. Relapse(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, we investigated the role of the dipeptidyl-peptidase-6 (DPP6) gene in the etiopathogenesis of progressive forms of multiple sclerosis (PrMS). This gene emerged as a candidate gene in a genome-wide association study (GWAS) performed in an Italian sample of PrMS and controls in which two SNPs located in the gene (rs6956703 and(More)